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April 25, 1944     Kenosha News
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April 25, 1944
 

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i @ i =% 7 Tuesday, April 25, 1944 Sincjle Decision i tangedCourse Of Pacific War, Report Reveals; Brought Great Victory at Hidway phase of America&apos;s war in the Pa- *cific. This was the battle of the Coral Sea, which began on May 3 and ended on May 8, 1942. At the time, the U. S. Pacific fleet had little in the way of capital hps. Eight battleships had been knocked out at Pearl Harbor, one of them foc good and another cer- tainly out of this war, The best the U. S. could put into the south Pacific to stop Japan's southward advance toward Australia included two carriers -- the Yorktown and Lexington: six cruisers  the As- tote, Chester, Chicago, Portland. Minneapolis and New Orleans; and less than a dozen destroyers. The By SANDOR S. KLEIN United Press Staff Correspondent Washington  2.)  One of the most crucial decisions in the nation's history, one involving great risks and grave consequences were it to prove wrong, was made by Admiral Ernest J. King and his advisers in the late spring of 1942. The decision concerned a shift of certain fleet units from one section of the Pacific to another. As it turned out, the decision was the right one and marked the turning point of the war against Japan and set the scene for the battle of Midway. The full story, revealed for the" first timeinKing'snewwarpr°g'lU S BreakWith Tess report, begins with the end of what the commander-in-chief of • the U. S. fleet calls the defensive , • Finland May Be Next 'Pressure' KENOSHA EVENIN NEWS A4kRSHALL . IS. e HOLLANDIA'S POSITION IN PACIFIC  Arcs centered on Hollandia, New Guinea, and drawn at distances of 1000 and 2000 statute miles from that harbor show its position in relation to other strategic points in the western Pacific. American troops have gone ashore at Hollandia and are driving toward the three Japanese air fields in the area. (AP Wirephoto) Congress Today By A.ociatedPrs Senate Washington --.(U,R)- Finland's re- jection of Soviet Russia's peace terms apparently left the United States today holding the remaining diplomatic card in the Russo-Fin- ! nish game---severance of diplomatic ! relations with Finland. i Russia, of course, still holds high !,Titnson Urges !:ingle Rule of m, ' I I I • • Is [court heldL "Coiequeat, the Itlhll M¢iilnei Imehlne coztltui, ilmbling de- vice as a matter of law and the /IIIUUII I'IUUlIII l ..... lcourt was m error zn rezumng to .... Icharge the jury to that effect as •  • . 00amhl,nn I 00u00,ed by the state. IJUI I IUlllly IJVlq, U J nmaea to ai Coast | The supreme court also found the High Court Rules notCircuithaveC°Urt erred in failing to in- Madison, Wis. --(A%-- The state supreme Court held yesterday that the pinball machine which was the ba,s of charges brought against Flo'd Jaskle of/Milwaukee consti- tuted a gembliflg device. The question was brought before the court on a writ of error, the state contending that Circuit Judge Otto Breldenbach, who presided at Jaskie's trial, erred in instructing the jury. Jaskie was acquitted of charges that he unlawfully and knowingly permitted a pinball machine adapted for gambling pur. poses to be kept in his tavern. ! In an opinion written by Justice O. M. Fritz, the high court held that Judge Breldenbach was in error in failing to give to the jury the instruction that the "device was adapted for gambling pur- poses" and in giving the question: Did the defendant unlawfully per- mit the pinball machine to be kept in the building for gambling? "There is no room for any doubt whatever that the machine is a device and contrivance which was devised, designed and is adapted and suitable and can be used, for gambling purposes," the supreme struct the jury that the state did to prove a payoff was made or that the machine was actually used for gambling. The case was remanded to the trial court for further proceed- ing The supreme court handed down decisions in three civil cases. It reversed the Judgment of the late Circuit Judge A. C. Hoppmann of Dane county in affirming an order of the industrial commission that the Great Northern Railway' Company pay Mrs. Carrie Hammer of Superior $6,000 as compensation for the death of her spn, Christ. Hammer was injured fatally in a fall while doing repair work at the company's ore docks in Superior Dec. 24, 1941. In affirming the commission award, Judge Hoppman held that the docks were not used in furtherance of inter- state commerce at the time of the accident and that Hammer was an employe subject to the provisions of the Wisconsin Workmen's Com- pensation Act. The company ap- pealed. The supreme court held that Hammer was engaged in interstate commerce when he was hurt and that the commission was without jurisdiction. The court affLrrned the decision i 'of Circuit Judge Gustave G. Gehrz of Milwaukee in a case in which the Maryland Casualty Company sought to recorder $436.51 from Frank Belezney of Milwaukee. Belezney, as an agent for the sale of steamship tickets and money forwarding, had applied to the com. pany for a surety bond. The com- pany subsequently made payments. Belezney was adjucated a bankrupt Sept. 25, 1942. The court held that his liability under the contract for the bond was discharged in the bankruptcy proceeding. The judgment of Circuit Judge William F. Shaughnessy of Mil- waukee was affirmed in the case of Andrew D. Agnew against the county of Milwaukee and the city of West Allis. Agnew brought suit Page Three to dear title to land in West Allk which had been sold for failure to pay taxes imposed for public im- provements. Judge Shaughnessy had upheld Agnew's contention that the liens against the property had been outlawed- The United States has more than 335 varieties of rats and mice. ALL SIZES mmmm Accordions [[JWANTED: ,IJ And All Musical Instrumuntll Write and Give Descrlp Price Wanted WE PAY C-A-S-H! .'2455 W. North Ave., Tel. HOpkllll 84$, Milwaukee, W/s. .! what the next move of the ememy would be, as we had lost touch with the heavy Japanese forces which had participated in the Coral Sea action• "It was clear that the Japanese would not long remain inactive. Naturally enough, our various im- portant outposts would be good tar. gets, with Dutch Harbor and Mid- way offering them the best chance of success, either in the nature of a raid or of an invasion. Furthermore, an operation directed against these points would permit the enemy to retire without too great loss or cam- Australians supplied two cruisers  military cards. the Australia and Hobart. When the United States will play its hand--and whether it would do: ttury of Vital Decision any good if she did--was uncertain, i The surface ships never actunlly There was no confirmation at the £ot into the Coral Sea engagement, state department of foreign press It was a bout between carrier.based reports that the United States was llanes of both sides. The American contemplating such action. forces won, not because of any Some diplomats believed that be- great losses inflicted on the Japa- cause of the already deteriorated nese but because their aggressive- relations between the United States hess effectively checked the enemy and Finland. a formal break would i in his southward advance. U. S. I have virtually no effect on the Fin- loes included the carrier Lexing-!nish government. Others, admit- ton. the destroyer Sims, and the lting such to be the case, neverthe- t,mker Neosho In additon, the less thought there was a chance the United States might make the ges- YorktownThen cameWaSthedamaged'time to make the i ture of breaking relations, hopilg all-important decision. Here is/it would help to change Finland's King's own story about it: decision. "Our immediate problem was to Groundwork Already Laid anticipate as nearly as we could The groundwork for a break by the United States has already been laid by Secretary of State Cordell Hull. In Febr'ary he warned Finland to get out of the war or suffer the consequences, and on March 14 he repeated the warning, The "con- sequences" so far as the United States is concerned could be sever, ance of relations, although the dip- lomatic establishment of Finland here has been on an informally re- stricted basis for some time, and the American legation in Helsinki was reduced a year ago to a single plete annihilation in case their plans diplomatic official and a small cler- did not work out. At the same time, ical staff. we had to consider the possibility The "consequences" so far as the that they might renew actions in l Soviet union is concerned, however, the Coral Sea. It was a plain case I could be resumption of bombings of calculating the risk involved in I of Helsinki. Such action would be stationing our forces, a sign that the Russians have ............. ,. [abandoned all hope that any dip- DllSgae Voulu De uliy I lomatic steps could change the "A mistake at that point would Finns' mind. have proved costly. Some diplomatic quarters believe 'Considering the chance that the that the Soviet demand 'for $600,- enemy knew little concerning the 000,000 compensation frqa Finland location of those of our ships which has been a major obstacle to a Fin- had not participated in the Coral nish-Russian settlement. Others be- Sea engagement, but certainly was lieve, however, that pressure ex- aware that most of our available erred by the Nazis was the maor carrier and cruiser strength was factor. then in southern waters, it seemed * reasonable to expect that the Japa- Veteran Industrialist Dies nese would make the most of the opportunity to strike us in the can- Milwaukee --(U.PD Adolph F. tral andor northern Pacific. Such Wagter, 85. head of a Milwaukee an attack was likely because of the ir°nw°rks for 53 years, died at a prospect of success in the immedi- Milwaukee hospital last night after ate operation, and because if suc- cessful, the advance to Australia ccuid be accomplished in due course with comparative ease, once the enemy had cut our lines of com- raunications. "'Acting on our best estimate of the situation, our carriers and sup- porting vessels were recalled from the south Pacific." That was the decision. The rest of the story  the battle of Midway is history. $ a brief illness. Chicagoan Shot In Front of Home Chi, ago  (U.R) -- Joseph P. Gallichio, 34, a member of the old west side "42" gang which oper- ated with the AS Capone organiza- tion during the prohibition, was ambushed and shot in the head, abdomen, and legs in front of his home today. Gallichio, a poolroom operator. Was taken to a hospital, but was unable to identify his assailant. His condition was not believed critical Burma is the largest rice-export- Ing country in the world. i" Spring Is _' in the Air! v Let us help you I put Sprinq in i I -.- VICTORY CLEANERS I 3808 Roosevelt Rd- 3027 - 60th SL PhOne 2-1082 ,0 There s One Best in Everything/ forces to replace the present de- partments of war and navy after the present war was recommended to congress today by Secretary of War Stimson. Stimson told the House committee on postwar military policy that statutory unification of command should not be effected during the present war but added it is "of the greatest importance that the general principle of consolidation be determined upon as soon as pos- sible." " A unified department, he sald, "is essential if our nation is ade- quately and most effectively to carry on its wars under modern conditions .... our experiences in the war have abundantly brought out that voluntary cooperation, no matter how successful, cannot under any conditions of warfare, and par- ticularly under tri-phibious war- fare. be as effective in the handling of great military problems as some form of combination and concen- trated authority at the level of staff planning, supervision and con- trol." Over-All Organization Lt. Gen. Joseph T. McNaruey, deputy chief of staff, suggested that the unified command incorporate a joint chiefs of staff organization headed by a chief of staff to the: commander in chief and including the chiefs of staff of the army, the navy, and the air forces. He also recommended that con- gress establish an over-all organ- ization headed by a secretary for the armed forces, to direct the three classes of fighting forces. There would be an undersecretary for the army, another for the navy, and a third for air. To these three services would be added a fourth branch for common supplies. Stimson's recommendations had been foreshadowed by Rep. Wads- worth (R-N'Y), who had said that postwar consolidation legislation soon might emerge from the com- mittee. Takes up record naval ap- propriatious bill. Small business subcommittee calls Undersecretaries Patterson and Forrestal on reconversion problems. Commerce subcommittee be. gins hearings on rivers and har- bors bill. Banking committee continues hearings on price stabilization legislation• House Special military planning com- mittee hears Secretary Stimson on postwar unification of armed forces. i Kentucky GOP in State Convention Louisville, Ky---.PDelegates from nine Kentucky districts met today at a state Republican con- vention with indications that most of the 22 delegates to be selected for the national Republican con- vention at Chicago will cast first a complimentary vote for Gay. Simeon Willis and then switch to Gay. Thomas E. Dewey of New York. Sixteen of the 22 delegates, who will go to the convention June 26, were selected yesterday at district Republican conventions throughout the state. The remaining six will be named today, Davenport& C:'ha-, Sofa, Loveseats, Twist Weave Rugs and Ceting. Delightful Results Satisfaction Assured Send Card FRIENDLY FUENITURE CLEANERS Rt,, 1, ]Sox 13 190.00-/944 STORE gives its best service when it is also a good friend and neighbor to its cus- tomers' It was in this spirit that Mr. Penney started his first little store in Kemmerer, Wyoming, 42 years ago this rSonth. All these years, we have steadfastly tried to be good neigh- bors, and, in turn, our customers have shown us the warm friendly regard that neighbors bestow on those they like and trust. All these years, their confidence and good-will has re- mained undisturbed. Tile thrifty home- makers who shop at Penney's know they can depend on us for the things they need, in the dependable qualities they must have, at prices that are right. PRINTED SHEERS 9 yd. Tiny floral•, giant prints, geometries and vivid stripes that are simple end thrifty .to turn into summer frocks, aprons and charming children's clothes. i. 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WHITE JUHBO SIZE TOWELS ............ 59' WHITE TERRY BATH MATS .............. 98 < MATTRESS COVERS ................. ,2.36 Twin Size, 2.00 QUILT PATCHES .................. bag 33 = PILLOW TICKS... ................. ea. 36 = Color-Magic Brightens Wartime Meals RAYON TABLE CLOTHS 249 Fine, long-lasting rayon with handsome hand-printed all-over pattern in contrasting color• Binding, thread, shoulder pads. buttons and buckles . . . and many other essentials to sim- pli your home sewing! Checks and Stripes ALL LINEN TOWELING .............. yd. 29 c Colored Borders KITCHEN TOWELING ............... yd. ! 5 WATERPROOF SHEETING ............ yd. CHEESE CLOTH ................. ,5 yds. 2,5 Pastel Shades, Plains and Plaids WOOLENS ............ yd. 1.98t0 "4.49 Chicken and Duck Feathers BED PILLOWS .......... ........... '1.98 White and Solid Colors in KRINKLE CREPE ................... yd. 29 < 72x84-inch 2HS;cWerOOLd BUNKETS ............... ,5a,50 W D00PERY FABRICS ................ yd. 98 c 6-ft.-by 6-ft. SHOWER CURTAINS ................ 4.98 WINDOW CURTAINS to match ........ 4.49 -i ¸  %..o Y .! =7; Z,