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April 25, 1944     Kenosha News
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April 25, 1944
 

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! <-,% ! ! l E Page Six L KENOSHA EVENING NEWS Owned an Puemam   Ie   gm Ners Pula q.. IIf,.oaem. WUteonn. n L Ifdaatlo president and  € It  ea-I'aideat: It • Marlett Member o Ammat  UlUt   Wtsconzin DatLv  sd Audit Burea  Caum 0UerwUm erllted I th lllO   Um  Iu blishe(I Uleltlx Adverlslns RepresenaUve Jann i Kelley. Inc., C]bo New Yore. Detroit. AtlnU .Tum Itranctae aUBSCR£PTION IIT: By tlo wlma. Dllvar,el .........  €m ir,.le C,o ........ 4 Cesta B MallIn Whteonstn 8rid flltnots le.O • Ye BY Mall---Otale Wta¢ocm and llllnoll $lO.00 • y Kenotmt• Wtleonlln   At  Mllell & llr/I VOLUME L,---NUMBER 157 TUESDAY. APRIL 25, 1944 Wisconsin's State Income Tax Most interesting is a trvatise which the Wisconsin T-'txmyers Alliance has prep,'xl and published givixk a histo- of the stale income tax m Wisexmsin frn the time that it was adopted In 1911 until the present day. Many pexple of Wisconsin have lixl through the various st.ges of development of this* tax and for that reason this history rt,'alls some intervsting tax episodes, each of which caustwl a considerable flurry in Wis- consin at the time. The account ought akx* be intercstmg to those who did not hae first hand knowlex-lge of these evvnts but who now are able to secure a complete pic- u:-e of ;his tax. W:sconsin was one of the first states in th-- ['n:on to adopt a state income tax• This led to much justifiable criticism as it put in- dv, s:rv and individuals in this state under a heavier burden than that carried in other s:a:es. Much of this criticism has disap- peared as state after state has adopted an income tax of some extent even though their levies in many instances do not ap- proximate those in Wisconsin. But in gen- eral the opposition has become largely recon- ciled to the existence of the tax and it has now become established as a fixed method of taxation. The history points out that the state in- come tax started out in 1911 as a substitute tax to replace the personal property tax in large part, carrying in its early days a deduction for personal property taxes. That offset, however, was later removed. In that first year the total normal tax amounted to only $1,631,420 while for the year 1943 this normal tax had jumped to $37,944,251. There have been periodically wide fluctu,- tions in this total, however, as it depends up- on the general prosperity of the state. In 1935, for example, it dropped down to $6,- 166•934, due to the recessions caused by the nationwide depression. The state started out taking a modest por- tion of the amount, taking but 10 per tent of the total, returning 20 per cent to the county and 70 per cent to the municipality or other local unit. But in 1925 that per- centage was changed to give the state 40 per cent, the county 10 per cent and the local unit 50 per cent. The state, however, found another way to use the tax plan to swell its coffers by applyispecial taxes, which have included thel/pldier bonus tax, the teachers retiremenurtax, emergency re- lief surtaxes, a cli]idtnd tax and the 60 per cent surtax. /.t } The treatise ileitis out that today the state income ta2as a five-fold duty in state and local goveJment finance, as follows: "1. It is a state-collected-locally-shared tax, with 10 per cent of normal income tax collection going to counties, 50 per cent to municipalities, and the state keeping the remaining 44) per cent. "2. It pays state financial aids to local govern- ments. Surtax collections of various kinds and the state's share of the normal tax are used to pay aids for relief, veterans, schools, and other state aids. "3. It provides revenue for general state op- erations including the state government, univer- sity. charitable and penal institutions, etc. "4. It pays for the state's share of the cost of pensions to retired teachers, via the teachers' retirement surtax. "5. It is used as a yardstick. An amount equal to 10 per cent of net normal income tax collec- tions in the years ended June 30, 1944 and 1945 is to be set aside from general state revenues in a separate state Postwar Improvement and Con- struction Fund." The Taxpayers Alliance presents the his- tory and facts for what they are worth. It does not attempt to make any extensive com- ment other than that which the statistics and the history state. In preparing and pub- lishing this history it has performed a use- ful service. Something to Remember Unfortunately some commentators have tried to make out that the result of the re- cent Republican primary election in Wis- consin brands the GOP of this state as lean- ing back toward isolationism. Most of these comments, it is true, come from outside of the state where the critics do not have first- hand knowledge of the many elements in- volved in that election. In this connection it might be proper to recall what the Republicans of the state of Wisconsin have said on this issue. A poli- tical writer for the Milwaukee Journal brought this out when he called attention to the stand taken by the state Republican con- vention in Wausau in 1942, which unques- tionably should be considered the stand of the party until it is changed. He recalls that in the keynote address on that occa- sion, Roy R. Stauff, Wauwatosa, Milwaukee i county chairman, "proclaimed that the ira- : ditional isolationism of the Republican party -- was a thing of the past, not only for the dur- ation but for all time to come." He also recalled that the platform adopted by the Republican convention at that time had this significant declaration: "We Republicans of Wisconsin also de- clare our belief that when the victory is won and the Axis powers are utterly crushed and their military power destroyed, there should be set up some kind of an interna- tional organization that shall provide a just method of settling international disputes and shall have the power to preserve the peace of the world." By the widest stretch of the imagination, one cannot get one iota of isolationism out of that statement It is the last official st,dement of the Republicans of Wisconsin and stands as its declaration on this issue. Nor is it likely that the Republicans at their coming state convention will make any great deviation from this stand. Restoring Money Standards It seems like old times to find people dis- cussing the Gold Standard again, and finan- ciers not only in this country, but through- out the world, planning to restore it. When, the governmental experts of 34 nations agree on a broad policy to establish an in- ternational fund of $8,000,000,000, for gold- based stabilization, it reveals more common sense and unity than this poor old world has shown about anything for some time. in It is reassuring to find even Russia, spite of her usual aloofness, adhering to this plan, and thereby virtually assuring its suc- cess. It will be an interesting novelty to find the Ruble circulating in the world mar- kets, as apparently it will soon be doing. Present plans will naturally require an in- ternational conference to establish the prin- ciple and work out the details of the plan, but the general outlines seem fairly clear. The German situation will naturally be difficult to handle for some time, especial- ly if Germany devalues its own money as it did after the last war. There is no indica- tion yet of German adherence to the plan. But it will have to come sooner or later, to prevent a reckless Nazi post-war finance policy interfering with constructive efforts. A Military .Problem The American armed forces, say Army and Navy authorities, need 1,400,000 more men. The military and industrial leaders are arguing about it. There is said to be a man-power crisis which might imperil the greatest military effort in our history. How are those additional fighting men to be ob- tained? Are men or materials more im- portant? Shall labor be made compulsory, as the Army and Navy are urging? One solution suggested is to have the in- dustrial workers putting in more hours and working more steadily. But some critics reply that "compulsion of labor would be disastrous to production" because such action would "upset the morale of American workers." It is very confusing. But the ordinary citizen can't understand why, in a crisis like this, men, and women also, should not be drafted for war work like those drafted for military jobs• Especially in view of the compensations. Factory jobs pay much bet- ter, and are much safer and easier, than the military jobs. One problem which postwar planners should put on their list: how, when carrying a full tray in a cafeteria, to scratch an itch- ing nose without setting the tray down? A bullfrog, says an old fable, trying to swell himself up to the size of an ox, ended by bursting. When Aesop told this story, he had never heard of Japan. A meat devotee says the worst thing about these patriotic war gardens is that you have to eat the darned stuff. Three years ago, who would have under- stood the sign "'Point Free"? Detour--Bridge Closed By JAMES THRASHER An odd and seemingly indefensible demand by the United States Treasury will force a Sunday and holiday closing of all highway bridges and tunnels on the Canadian and Mexican borders beginning May 7 unless Congress or the Treasury itself acts promptly." The trouble started in January when the Supreme Court ruled that the Treasury must pay its customs employes base pay plus overtime for Sunday and holiday work. The Treasury, having no appropriation for this added expense, simply passed it along to the bridge operators. Two bridges alriost entirely de- pendent on tourist trade refused to pay. The others are following suit May 1. This Treasury demand raises some complicating questions. Why should private operators or public bridge commissions (acting as trustees of the public) pay government employes for collecting government money? How can the Treasury usurp congressional prerogative by levying what amounts to a tax on these operators? What about the legality of private agencies contributing directly to government em- .ployes" salaries (even though the Treasury handles the payment between operators and employes)? If the operators are to pay customs officials for .mday work. then why cannot other departments demand that immigratiq public health, agriculture and other inspectors be similarly paid? Can the Province of Ontario. which owns a half-interest in three bridge, and the Mexican government, which has a half-interest in one, be compelled to help meet a United States government payroll? These questions are more than academic. The re- troactive-pay bills presented to the operators range from $50,000 for the new Niagara Rainbow Bridge to: $214,000 against the Detroit-Windsor Tunnel The tun- l nel's bill for current services in the month of March was $I58.34. Bridges are assessed comparalMe amounts. And there are physical difficulties: more than 800 tons of war materia are moved daily, including Sun- day, ulrough the D£qxoit-Windsor tunnel and bridge,' fish and other perishable food move from Mexico to refrigerating plants in Brownsville, some 3000 Nia- gala Falls war workers who live in Canada must now make a long detour. The projected closings naturally do not make for good neighborly feeling. At the Rainbow and Thous. and Island Brides, armed guards have closed the Canadian border for the first time since the War of 1812. Some sort of supplementary appropriation by Con- to the Treasury would clear up this embarrmm- ing mess. ..... KENOSHA EVENING • Tuesday, April 25, 1944 1 |m o There Seem to Be Two Schools of Thought [ DeWifl Mackenzie Views the News Washington Views By Peter Edson Kenosl Evening News Washino Correspondent All this talk about the coming "invasion" of Europe is wrong according to the experts In seman- tics. When armed forces go into an enemy country, that's an in- vasion. When they go into a friend- ly country which has already been invaded, that's a :ounter-invasion. Germany, properly speaking, in- vaded France, and U. S. forces in- vaded Italy when it was a declared enemy country. U. S. forces will therefore counter-invade France, and the campaign in Italy is now a counter-invasion. Eventually, U. S. forces will invade Germany and Japan. There never was a national elec- tion year in which so many men did not want to be president, but Senator Harry Flood Byrd's ex- pressed disinterest in the move to put him at the head of the anti- New Deal wing of the Democratic party has a real foundation. Most of the anti-New Dealers are South- erners, who have taken an extreme position on the Negro question. Byrd, it is felt, cannot go along on this position. The Virginia sen- ator is extremely proud of the anti- lynching law which the Old Do- minion state passed under his lead- ership, and his moderate views on where to draw the color line are not in harmony with those of the lily-whites. On the other hand, Mississippi politicians say Sen. Theodore G. Bilbo's recent oration before the state legislature in Jackson, in which he went all out on race prejudice, was Just what he needed to put him in solid with the voters of that state. Before that speech, it was thought Bilbo would have difficulty in being re-elected to the Senate in 1946, because of anti-poll tax opposition to his views. Now he is considered as good as in. The Itch in Lend-Lease Rep. John M. Vorys of Columbus, O., has at last found out what's wrong with reverse lend-lease. A GI in London told him: "You con- gressmen should do something about this reverse lend-lease under- wear we are getting from the Brit- ish. It doesn't fit and it scratches." "'Thus," says the congressman, "American troops are being brought in contact with different stand-[ ards of living among our allies in a l very graphic although scratchy way, through reverse lend-lease." How small business men get con- verted to post-war planning is re- lated by Paul G. Hoffman, presi- dent of Studebaker and chairman of the Committee for Economic De- velopment. The head of a little out- fit in Lansing, Mich., says Mr. Hoff- man, was having his troubles. Be-i fore the war, he never had more; than 20 employee and now has more than 200. In spite of his bigger business, he isn't making any more money than he made before the war, and be looked forward to the day when he would be able to fire 180 people and bring to an end the making out of a new form every three minutes every day. Then he got to reading about the dangers of post-war unemployment and what it might lead to. He came into the Lansing CED, admitted that maybe he had the wrong idea about want- ing to get back to the good old days, and is now trying to work out plans to keep his 200 employed. Islgnd Idea The Right Hon. Peter Fraser, New Zealand's liberal and kindly prime minister who stopped off in Washington for a few days on his way to London, thinks there should be no cause for post-war pute among the United Nations when it comes to dividing up the islands of the Pacific formerly mandated to Japan. Personally, he would like to see all the islands between Hawaii and the Philippines put under the U. S. flag. But even so, he points out that there are so many of these islands that every country could have all it wanted or needed for air bases, naval bases, or commercial development and still leave enough for everybody. The idea of joint sovereignty by two or more Pacific powers he re- Jects flatly. It hasn't worked out at all in the few islands where it has been tried, Lfter the Japs were driven out. War a Year Ago April 25, 1943 By United Prowl In Tunisia, British capture Sidi Medien after a two-mile advance, only 25 miles from Tunis at that point; French troops force enemy out of Djebel Mansour. British radio reports sinking of 14,500-ton U. S. aircraft carrier, Ranger, by a German U-boat in the North Atlantic. Berlin admits Russian occupa- tion of the mountains rimming Novoressiisk on the Black Sea. Dr. Edouard Benes, president Of Czechoslovakia, tells his people to "expect decisive military events very soon." U. S. War .Department announces that Lt. Gem Lesley J. McNalr, commanding general of the Army Ground Forces, was wounded in action April 23 on the Tunisian front. Natives in African desert areas use goat skins filled with water, suspended from a tripod of sticks, as refrigerators. Sweating of the skins keeps the interiors sucient- ly cooL ISide Glances By Cmbth *'I'll teach you not to fight, even if the other kid did call you names an d hit you first--besides, his ather's  best customer" Turning Back the Pages of History April 25, 1919 I Kisten and Moericke, operators of the Buick Garage, announce plans to erect a new building, 50x160 feet, with construction work to begin July 15. Miss Elizabeth Robinson returns from Fort Hancock, Ga., where she took nurses training. Francis Wells returns to New York exactly one year to the day that he first set foot on French soil. Sgt. William Morrow gave an in-: teresting account of his war serv- Ice overseas at a meeting of the i Norwegian Methodist church Young Peoples Union. Frederick Mayer has purchased the Dr. Germano drug store at the l corner of Howland avenue and Market street. Corp. Harold Murphy is one of 2,000 American soldiers with the AEF who was selected to enroll the AEF University at Baume, France. At Baume, he writes, he met Fred Sandholm, who has been stationed in a nearby camp where he is a repairman in the camp laundry, The Misses Georgiana, Virginia and Rosemary Pirsch are dancing in a benefit program at Great Lakes tonight, for the sailors. Death yesterday of Mrs. Thomas J. Dale, wife of tbe-eweler. # So They Say Some people advocate a policy of enforcing war controls until such time as big business and small business can re-enter civil- ian production simultaneously. I cannot agree with such a policy-- it points the road to ruin of small business.--Maury Maverick, chair- man Smaller War Plants Corp. You'H find an awful lot of re- ligion where men are scared to death. They've found themselves in a situation which will determine who shall live and who shall die. Rabbi Barnett 1l. Briekner, after war front tour. Today we feel that the world will be so weakened after this war that it surely will have learned its lesson. Yet in 1919 we thought the world must surely have been con- vinced that not even to the victor could war bring rewards to out, weigh its cost.--British Ambasso- dor Lord Halifax. How many more of these nights of terror shay we have to endure before the invasion starts?--Nazi- controlled Paris radio. In fighting this war, it is well to keep in mind that if freed,n fails here, it cannot be secured any- where in the world.--Jamea 2 Farley. Voice of the People To Whom It May Concern--- Do you visit your friends when they are in the hospital or do you wait until they come home? I used to be one of those that waited--and then about a year ago I spent ten long days in the hos- fital myself. How I looked forward to the ¢isiting hours which broke the tiresome monotony of being all alone. Three days out of ten no one come to see me. One day I was so blue, I cried, and I felt as tho' 1 hadn't a friend in the world. Then came the happy day when I was able to go home. 1 was weak, and nervous with the added re. sponsibllities of a new baby. The first night I was home (I should have been in bed) three people came to visit, the next night four people came, and every night of the following week I had com- pany. I was glad to see my friends but I would have appreciated their visit so much more, if they had come when I really needed them in the hospital. When someone comes home from the hospital and has to re- sume his work again, it is neces- sary forffi.him (or her) to get the By DeWITT MACKENZIE Aociatd  War Aaalyt Finland's action in rejecting Mos- cow's peace terms on the eve of the great invasion and, according to informed sources in Stockholm, gambling that Hitler will achieve a stalemate in the war, won't of course weaken our confidence in Allied success but It's a sha'p re- minder that Germany still possesses great strength and that a terrible conflict is before us. Berlin newspapers are saying that "the greatest battle in the history of the world will take place along the Atlantic," and certainly that may prove to be true. Anyway. the Nazis are standing at alert and we should be foolish not to accept their statement that they "are ready for a hard fight." Mannerheim, that the little country hasn't the strength to stand up against an all-out military offensive by Russia. The Finnish decision admittedly was a difficult one to make, espe. cially in view of the country's friendship with America, and there is fair reason to doubt whether it represents the majority of Finns. Perhaps there still is a chance that Helsinki may find its reason and make terms with Moscow. Meanwhile one has the uncom- fortable feeling that the Finnish government wants to get a look at the start of the invasion of western Europe. Figures on Nazi Power Latest figures of German army strength, as available in Madrid to- day, give the Germans a possible Decision of Desperation total of 319 divisions all told. It's i certain that many of these divisions Finland's ill.advised move. made laren't up to strength, and we can in the face of strong possibilities I only guess that they may represent that the United States would, sever[some 3.500,000 to 3,750,000 men. diplomatic relations, probably rap- Ninety-six divisions -- verhaps resents a decision of desperation. I something over a million troops. Still the Stockholm sources say i are available to meet the invasion it was based on the conviction that in western Europe• the Reich has sufficient strength sol That's a lot of men. but too few that it may stand off the Allies !to handle the onslaught which Hit. even though tt cannot win a clean- ler will have to meet simultaneous. cut victory. This belief must be ly on the eastern and western fairly strong since the Finnish gov- fronts. The Russians are said to be ernment is making its terrific gem- I massing troops for offensives to ble despite the recent assurances of 1 synchronize with the invasion in its commander in chief, Baron ' the west. TODAY on the HOME FRONT By JAMES MARLOW and GEORGE ZIELKE Washington -- (AP) -- The army, navy and maritime commission have pictured the manpower situa- tion somewhat differently than has the Bureau of Labor statistics, chief collector of government figures on employment. Their choice of words is narrower than the BLS uses and some of their arithmetic appears at fault• The three agencies issued a joint statement calling for government control of workers through a labor draft. The statement stressed the number of workers quitting their Jobs through confidence the war is about won. The statement said: Out of every 1,000 workers employed in Febru- ary 65 "quit." There is a sharp difference be-i tween a "quit" and a "separation•" Statisticians use both words, care- fully distinguishing between them, to show what happens with work- ers. A "quit" is a worker who does just that. quits, voluntarily leaves a job. But "'-eparation" includes those who quit and those who leave a job for any other reason, such as being laid off (for lack of work), discharged (fired for cause), or drafted. Separations Ahead of Quits The total separations, therefore, will always be greater than the to- tal quits. But the three agencies' statement aid 65 out of every 1,000 quit. n This is what the government's Bureau of Labor Statistics whose figures are basis for all the other agencies, says: Only 45 out of every 1.000  fit although 65 were eparated from their jobs. This is how the total works out: 45 quit, eight were laid off; six were fired; five drafted, and one left for other reasons, a total of 65• Separations, not 65 quits the BLS says further• But the three agencies" statement continued: "'Labor-turnover tagain no distinction between quits and separations) has reached a rate of more than six per cent per month, three times fhe peacetime aver. age." But the BIAS says: Separations were 6% per cent per 100 workers, compared with an average of 3 per cent in 1939, considered an average peacetime )'ear. So, separations m February were not three times that of an average peacetime year. Again the joint statement said: "From March, 1943, to Marc_ 1944, the civilian labor force declined by 1.500,0(D--equal to the number of men who will be drafted into .the armed forces this year." The statement did not point out that while the labor force was de- clining only 1.500.000 the armed forces had drafted 3 million out of the labor force. "Used Old Figures This would show, therefore, that' while the labor force was losing 3 million, another 1.500D00 who had not been in the labor force a year before had come into it. But in addition, the statement that the labor force has declined 1,500,000 in the past year ks incor- rect as will be shown by govern. ment figures to be released this week. The army-navy-maritime commission was using old f.gures although the latest figures either were available or could have been obtained. Actually, according to BLS fig- ures, the labor force did not de. cline 1.500.000 but much less. This is where the three agencies slipped up on ,their simple arith- metic. The statement said: "Before the end of 1944. the navy, coast guard, and marine corps will require 635.. 000 men. x x x The army x x x will need 750.000. x x x That is a total of 1,390,000." It isn't. It's a total of 1.385.000. I proper rest and not stay up half[ "My heart and I until I die." the night visiting• Among the mottoes which jew- The busses run within a few / elers cut inside the rings were: blocks of the hospitals in Kenosha "Let Love Increase." so distance shouldn't be an excuse. "Love me and leave me not" If people could only realize how Early in the past century, French much happiness a short visit brings jewelers spelled out short mottoes to one who is ill and away from with precious stones. This custom home. I spread to England, where one jew- I hope that writing this letter el.or made the motto "iLove Me" will make a few people, who had wth mx gems. He dd t by plac- planned on waiting• go to see "that I ing, in order, a lapsis lazuli, an friend" who is sick. I opal, a verda antique, an emerald, You knowA friend in need is i a malachite and then another em- a friend indeed. "Someone who knows." Uncle Ray's Corner Jewelers Cut Verses Inside "Posy Rings" Long ago the story grew up that the fourth finger of the left hand had a special nerve which led straight to the heart. There is no truth behind that story, but it is believed to explain a custom which has lasted to the present day. A wedding ring is plal:ed on the fourth finger of a woman's left hand, the same finger on which she wears an engagement ring. BRIDE and BRIDEGROOM BUY DIE WEDDING RIN6. During the Middle Ages in Europe, rings were used at wed- dings the same as they are now. An old picture, made in the time of Columbus, shows a young man taking his bride-to-be to a shop to buy a wedding ring. That event has been repeated many times since then! About 400 years ago, the custom of buying "posy rings" grew up. These rings, used at weddings, had short mottoes or verses in them. The name "posy" was short for "poesy" or "poetry." Examples of verses engraved on the rings are these: "Our contract was heaven's act." "In thee, my choice, I do rejoice." erald. If you follow the initials of those gems, you will see how "'Love Me"-was spelled. Another odd kind of ring dates back to the time of Queen Eliza- hath, but that-queen never owned one. I am thinking of the "gimmal ring." This ring was made in two or three parts, each of which could form a separate ring. When a three-part gimmal was bought at the time of the engage- ment, one part was handed to the witness and the other parts went to the young man and young wom- an. When the marriage took place, the three parts were put back to- gether, and the complete gimmal was placed on the bride's finger• (For General Interest section of your scrapbook.) Tomorrow: Under the Micro- scope. Think Safety New cars cannot be purchased There are cars that are now two years older since Pearl Harbor and others considerably older on our highways today. Have you had your car checked recently? Some of the parts in the motor may need replacement--brakes and brake linings should be carefully checked. Needed repairs and preventive maintenance now will save trouble later on. It is important that you give your car careful handling now, not only to keep it in first.class condition, but also to assure you of transportation until new cars are on the market again. The proper maintenance of your automobile is ust as important as driving safely on our highways. You cannot operate a motor car safely unless all equipment and mechanisms are in first-class condi. tion. It is your duty to see that they are at all imes. i Driving on our highways Is • privilege--not a right• From 1820 to 1860. more than 1,91)0,000 Irish immigrants came to the United States• o 2.#, N N . o €, "2