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April 26, 1944     Kenosha News
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April 26, 1944

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i t State Historical Society Madison, Wls. Corp. The Weather-- Partly Cloudy to Cloudy With Light Showers in South Portion Tonight. VOL. LNO. 158 KENOSHA E'V00ENING NEWS 16 PAGES , Home Edition , i KENOSIqAWISCONSIN, :EDNESDAy, APRIL 26, ,944 16 PAGES ,RICE Four CENTS 1,000 Yank Planes Blast Reich as lAir Invasion Ro Is Into 12th Day JAP'S TRUK BASE POUNDED BY YANK BOMBERS--Into towering smoke from previous bomb bursts. another string of missies plunges toward dock and storehouse facilities at the Jap stronghold of Truk in the Pacific as a U. S. Navy task force strikes on February 16 and 17. (AP Wirephoto from Navy.). I Joseph Trojak l(illed in Italy, Family Learns "It's like a night in hell, ' wrote Pvt. Joseph Walter Trojak, 20, son of Mr. and Mrs. Louis Trojak, 6525 Twentieth avenue, in a letter from Allied Troops Crus00 First !ap] theltalianhattlefrontonMarchl°" "But there are quiet spells where you can hear the rumble of tanks and the droning of planes overhead pounding the enemy in the rear. I've got grandstand seats from my CounterAttack at olland,a foxhole." Then on March 13, according to i a telegram received by his parents, lt. Trojak was killed in action. "I'm proud to do my little par' he wrote in a previous letter full Capture of Main Enemy Airfield Believed Near Advanced Allied Headquarters, New Guinea -- (U.P.) -- U. S. jun- gle troops struck within four and a half miles of Hollandia's main airdrome after taking a heavy toil of Japanese in smashing the first l enemy counter.attack in Dutch! l';ew Guinea, front dispatches said today, and capture of the airfield was believed imminent. The Japanese, who are estimated to have 14,000 combat troops in the Hollandia area, attacked the Amer- ican force pushing eastward from the Tanahmerah bay beachhead at Sabron. but were thrown back with heavy losses. It was reported that the A=mrAcan.s_alo-ed a aum ber of casualties in the engage- ment. although the extent was not ¢llsclosed. Elements of the Japanese 38th division, which recently was trans- ferred from north China, were be- lieved defending Hollandia, togeth- er with the enemy's sixth South sea detachment. Three Enemy Armies The 38th division, it was dis- closed, is one of the six Japanese divisions and a brigade which com- prise the three enemy armies in the south and southwest Pacific. Official sources said the lath Japa- nese army was on New Guinea with the eighth and 17th armies scattered over the Admiralty is- lands. New Britain, New Ireland, and the northern Solomons. Defeat of the Japanese at Sa. bran, about four and a half miles from the airdrome, came as the Americans steadily closed a pincers attack on the Hollandia air base from the west and east in the pre- cipitous jungles of Dutch New Guinea. The veteran troops also had cleared the Aitape area, in British New Guinea, heralding a rapid and successful climax to the greatest Allied offensive in the southwest Pacific. The second force closing in an Hollandia's three airfields -- Hol- landia, Cyclops and Sentani -- was driving wesivard from Humboldt bay along a 23-mile narrow road ru:,ning through  valley behind the towering Cyclops mountain range and linking the two bays. Positions Not Given Gen. Douglas MacArthur's com- munique did not give the positions cf the two forces, but front dis- (Continued on Fe Nine) Japanese Drive Toward Kenlino Chungking -- .P3 -- Japanese forces, driving southward in cen- tral Honan province toward the mid.section of the dismantled Pei- ping-Hankow railroad, have ad- vanced beyond captured Yushih to- ward Kenling, approximately 45 miles southeast of Chengbaien, front dispatches said today. Japanese troops surged toward Yenling on the eastern side of the railroad. To the west, spearheads now estimated at more than 10,000 men were reported storming the Mihsien area. Japs Bomb Cities While ground forces continued their southward and westw'ard ad- vance, the Japanese air force bombed cities and military installa- tions Mong the Lunghal railroad which runs east and west north of the Peiping-Hankow railroad. Seventy-eight enemy planes were reported to have carried out the bombing missions. Loyang, present site of Chinese military headquar- ters. was bombed three times yes- terday. Start, capital of Shensi prov- ince, was attacked by 32 enemy planes yesterday. Tengfeng and Yenshish, which lie between Chenghalen and Loyan, were attacked. Nazi Destr0yer Sunk By British LONDON -- (g') -- The sink- ing of a German destroyer by the British navy off the north- west coast of France in the vi- cinity of the Isle De Bae was announced by the admiralty to- night. A Royal naval offensive force, made up of both British and Canadian ships and led by the cruiser Black Prince intercepted the Nazi vessel as it sought to escape after being damaged ear- ly in the encounter this morning. t W.A. Badtke,57, Ends Own Ufe William A. Badtke, 57, 1803 Fifty-second street, an employe of the American Brass company, end- ed his own life by hanging Tuesday. Badtke's body was found on the second floor of a barn that had been converted to a garage to the rear of the family residence. Discovery of the tragedy was made late Tuesday afternoon by Fritz Burger, a son-in-law of the deceased. Burger went to the up- stairs portion of the garage build- ing and discovered Badtke's body hanging from the rafters of the building. He immediately notified the police. Investigation by Deputy Coroner Jay B. Glerum disclosed that Badtke had been despondent on Monday and had threatened to end his life. He was dissuaded by his wife. Left Early Tuesday He left the house early ,Tuesday morning apparently planning to go to work at the American Brass. He evidently went to the barn and took his own life. Examination dis- closed that Badtke had been dead for several hours. The deceased was born at Ripon on April 9, 1887, a son of Mr. and Mrs. Julius Badtke. In infancy he came to Paris town- ship with his parents, and spent his early life and received his educa- tion there. On December 15, 1910, he was united in marriage with Miss Anna Krahn. He lived in Kenosha for a num- ber of years and then moved with his family to Woodworth, returning to Kenosha 16 years ago. Badtke had lived here since then. He was employed in the Rod Mill of the American Brass company and was a member of the American Brass Union. Has Many Survivors Besides his widow, the deceased is survived by four sons and two daughters: Rheinhardt B. of Bristol Charles A. and Raymond of Keno- sha and Pvt. Leo W. Badtke with the U. S. Army in Italy, and Mrs. Fritz Burger and Mrs. Robert Gregory, both of Kenosha. He is also survived by his mother and father, Mr. and Mrs. William Miller of Kenosha; one hrother, Fred Badtke, Kenosha; and eight sisters, Mrs. William Kraft, Mrs. Nicholas Loaf, Mrs. Ernest Buch- olz, Mrs. Alcid Germaln, Mrs. Peter Nehr, Mrs. Carl Swanson, Mrs. Paul Raddatz and Mrs. Robert Gehrke, all of Kenosha. He was preceded in death by one sister, Mrs. Elsie Beaver. Allies Ticjhten Grip in Burma, India Sectors Southeast Asia Headquarters, Kandy, Ceylon ---(Rg--- Japanese jungle troops are desperately at- tacking road and rail blocks es- tablished in central Burma by Allied "Chindits," air-borne troops, and are "coming in to the attack like a boxer with his head down" and dying in droves, an Allied observer said today. The Japanese blow bugle blasts, shout, and even charge while swearing lustily in English, the ob- server said. They employ all sorts of weapons, including light tanks, howitzdra, "coal scuttle" mortars, machlne.guns and even bangalore torpedoes," which usually are tlbed against wire entanglements. British Tighten Grip British forces, meantime, con- tinued to tighten their grip on the phal-Kohima area which had been threatened by a Japanese in- vasion of India designed to cut the Bengal-Assam railroad, Allied sup- ply line to China and North Bur- ma, a communique from Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten announced. The communique said British forces yesterday captured the Mapao Hill feature north of the Imphal plain, inflicting heavy casualties on the enemy• The Japanese know they must seek to dislodge the obstructions the Chindits have placed on thier communications 240 miles inside Burma, the official observer de- clared, especially because of the aid such blocks give to Lt. Gem Joseph W. Stillwell's forces driving down upon them through the Mo- gaung valley in the north. At present the Chindits are astride more than I00 miles of Japanese communications serving the enemy in northern Burma. Chenghslen Believed Lost In China, Japanese troops appar- ently have captured Chenghsien, rail junction on the north-south Peiping-Hankow railway and the east-west Lunghai line, and are fighting west of the city in a drive possibly aimed ultimately at Chung- king. The latest Chinese communique of enthusiasm for his role as a sol- dier, and anxious nevertheless to "get it over with as quick as we can so we can all come back home to you." The soldier had been in the thick of combat action in Italy since early in November. His outfit had been :1 Pvt. Joseph Walter Trojak relieved and after a month in a North African rest camp he was sent to the Anzio beachhead. Enlisting in the army on March 1, 1943, Trojak received his basic training in Alabama, assigned to an infantry unit. Later he was transferred to a signal corps bat- talion. Born in Philllps,,Wis., Jan. 10, 1924, he attended high school in Kenosha for one year in 1940 and then returned to Phillips to com- plete his high school education, graduating in 1942. He was em- ployed at the National Enameling and Stamping company, Milwau- kee, when he entered the service. He was home on furlough in July, 1943. and the following month went overseas, going @irectly to North Africa. Some of his letters came from Naples, Italy, where he had his picture taken to send home to his parents. There are two other brothers in the service. Sgt. Edward Trojak, is with the armored field artillery at Camp Campbell, Ky., and Pfc. Jerry TroJak is with the field ar- tillery. He was home recently and returned to San Luis Obispo, Calif., i where he expects an overseas as- signment. In addition to the parents, the survivors also are Mrs. Emil Robin lard and Miss Betty Trojak, sisters. did not mention Chenghsien, where I * the invaders had smashed into the I el[ W ,'"arn'ng suburbs, but its fall seemed likely. FIT The bulletin reported fierce I U[ fighting to the west in the Hulao [ .... pass against Japanese columns hit- [ ,. ,oward ao0000ow ,:____ $we0en ledged that other enemy forces |I|V,. were within eight miles of Teng- CitY| | feng, road junction 40 miles south- west of Chenghsien. Central Pacific headquarters an- nounced the two-day conquest of strategic Ujelang atoll in the west- ern marshalis, only 644 miles east of Truk. Japanese resistance on Ujelang was weak• There was no allied confirmation of Tokyo broadcast reports that nine Liberator heavy bombers raided Gu_____ Capture Mapao Allied Headquarters, Kandy, Cey- lon --(U.Pb-- Allied troops captured Mapao, just north of the Imphal plain yesterday, inflicting heavy (Continued on Pae Fifteen) London U.P.)-- Sweden's refusal to halt the delivery of ball bearings to Germany drew a tacit warning from British government spokes- men today that the Allied powers are prepared to take stiffer diplo- matic measures against neutrals still trafficking with the Axis. Dingle Foot. parliamentary sec- retary of the ministry of economic warfare, co;Lfirmed published re- ports that Sweden had rejected a joint Anglo-American-Rtttan r quest to cease supplying Germany with hall bearings, and said that the United Nations take a grave view of the Swedish stand. "I wish to make it clear," he told Commons, "that the British gov- ernment, whose views on this sub- ject are shared by the United States government, cannot regard this as a satisfactory reply." First-Rste Importance Foot pointed out that the Swedish traffic has become a matter of first- rate importance to the Allies in view of crippling effect of Allied air raids on German ball-bearing factories. "There can be little doubt that ball bearing production not only in Germany but in the satellite and occupied countries as well has been very seriously reduced," he said. "This in turn affects the outputof aircraft, tanks and vehicles of all kinds. Therefore, we regard the Swedish supplies, even at their  present reduced level, as relatively more important to the enemy than 0 bgfoa' '° War Fronts in Brief By United AIR WAR -- Nearly 500 heavy bombers of the U. S. Eighth air force spearhead 10th straight day of pre-invasion assaults with raid on Brunswick, main German air base guarding approaches to Berlin. RUSSIA -- German high command reports Russians have launched big offensive on broad front in Dnestr valley, apparently signalling end of lull on eastern front. PACIFIC -- American greed forces strike rapidly toward Hol- landia's main airdrome and fall of airfield is believed imminent ITALY  U. S. heavy bombers pound enemy aircraft plant and large railroad bottlenecks in northern Italy; American infantry and artillery Join in assault to push hack Nazi lines in center of the Anzio beachhead. INDIA  Allied troops capture Mapao just north of Imphal plains tutoring haav casutim on Japane force. 0 1_$ DRIVES AT HOLLANDIA -- Arrows show American pincers moves at Hoilandia, on the north coast of New Guinea, where U. S. troops and some Dutch forces were reported to be closing in on the main Hollandia air base (plane symbol) and on two other fields in the area-- Cyclops and Tami. (AP Wirephoto), iGermans Report New Red Army Offensive London -- (A )  The Red army has launched an attack on a broad front in southern Russia from the Carpathians to the Black sea, German and Romanian reports said today. [ A German communique said the Nazis had scored "a complete de- fensive victory after heavy battles" when the Red army attacked in the lower Dnestr yesterday with strong artillery and air strength. The Nazis asserted they had sealed off t Soviet breakthrough.s- Since last Saturday the Russian communiques have omitted men- tion of any large-scale land fighting. The Germans said their forces, along with Romanian troops, had driven into Russian lines northwt and "smasld ene- prepm'atlm," and added that Hungarian troops had frustrated Soviet counter-thrnsts supported by tanks in an area be- tween the Carpathian mountains and the upper Dnestr. , Intends to Invade Germany The Red army intends to drive into Germany in a mighty continua- tion of its 1944 offensive to finish off Adolf Hitler's legions and bring about the Nazis' final capitulation in close collaboration with the Al- lies, an authoritative Soviet war re- view said last night. The review, broadcast by the Moscow radio, declared that 500,000 Axis troops had been slain or cap- tured end enormous booty swept up in less than two months on the lower Russian front, without count- ing the Crimea. Since last summer the Red army has liberated more than 65,000 localities and more than 310,000 square miles of territory, the review added. "By its victories the Red army has widely facilitated for our Al- lies the possibility of opening mili- tary actions on a large scale in the west and south that are being expected with impatience by the whole world," declared the article, written by Dmitri Manuilsky, a member of the central committee of the Communist party. Sees "Its Task Today" "Basing itself on the victories it has achieved," the review said, "the Red army sees its task today in the complete expulsion of the enemy from the Soviet Union, in pursuing and finishing off his armed forces, not only on the territory of his vassals and the states subjugated by him, but also on the territory of Germany itself, and in achiev- ing in close collaboration with our Allies the rout of the German Fas- cist army and the capitulation of Fascist Germany." The review came as a Soviet com- munique told of the killing of sev- eral hundred Germans southeast of Stanislawow in old Poland in a powerful flanking attack which drove the Nazis back. Except for this action, however, a general lull continued on all land sectors of the front, dispatches said. 15 Known'Dead in Montreal Crash Motreal ---(-- Smoke still rose today from the shattered block of tenement houses in downtown Mon- treal where a Liberator bomber crashed yesterday, killing at least 15 persons. The RAP plane had just taken off for a trans-Atlantic flight. Those killed were the five crew members, a policeman, end nine tenement residents, including an 18- month-old baby. One man was listed as missing and three other persons were injured critically. Four of the known dead were women whose homes collapsed when the plane struck and exploded. Convict Three Officers Cincinnati -- (;P) -- A military court today convicted three AKF Yank Bombers Pound Nazis in Northern Italy Allied Headquarters, Naples--.R) -- U. S. heavy bombers pounded an enemy aircraft plant and two big railroad bottlenecks in northern Italy yesterday, a communique re- ported today, while a coordinated American infantry-artillery assault again pushed back the Nazi lines on the center of the Anzio beach- head. Fighter-escorted American Liber- ators carried out the north Italy attacks, striking heavily at Turin,! Pna, and Ferrara. The raiders broke through considerable fighter and anti.aircraft opposition at Turin to !ay their heavy bombs across the Aeritalia factory, where the Ger- mans were understood to have been producing single-engined fighter planes. Eight direct hits were reported on the plane assembly buildings, and damaging bomb bursts also were scored on a nearby fiat steel works, hangars and airdrome runways. Nu- merous grounded enemy planes were believed to have been de- stroyed in the attack. At Least 14 Direct Hits Other formations, hammered rail- way installations at Parma. a key junction point on the Turin-Bologna line, and the marshalling yards at Ferrara, on the Padua-Bologna route. At least 25 direct hits ripped up tracks and equipment at the southern entrance to the Ferrara yards. Fourteen German planes were de- stroyed in the triple attack, 12 by (Continued on Page Fifteen) Brunswick Hit Without Loss of Single Bomber . London---(A---American Fortresses and Liberators, flying in medium srength, aacKed the aircraft production center of Brttnsv:ick and other targets in western Germany today without losing a bomber, carry- ing the pre-invasion aerial offensive -- heaviest the world has ever seen --through the twelfth consecutive day. A strong escort of Mustangs, Lightnings and Thunderbolts, which Note Dampened Enthusiasm of City Gardeners Kenosha's city farmers who with their Victory Gardens of last year carried out a man-sized task of raising their own vegetables and a respectable surplus of foodstuffs for canning and storing under con- tinued conditions of excessive moisture are showing signs of dampening enthusiasm, County Agricultural Agent E. V. Ryall dis- closed today after a survey of urban planting plans. "Last year more than 6,000 gar- dens were plated in the city and , this year, despite the misleading re- laxation of rationing on some ar- ticles that are produced in vege- table gardens, increased planting is an actual home front need," Ryall said. In rural sections of the county, farmers are showing a greater realization of the growing need for food production. A check of the county indicated that vege- table gardens for canning and for table use will be planted on 95 per cent of the farm units of the county. In the city, the goal is a garden for every family. Although 12,000 families are estimated in the city, gardening authorities recognize the fact that planting will be impos- sible for many and have estab- lished a total of around 9,000 gar- dens as a top expectancy. Plan Community Plot Arrangements have, already been made for the development of a community garden plot on the south side of the city. The land east of Twenty-second avenue and south of Seventy-eighth street has again been secured for planting. Victory Gardeners who last year produced vegetables from that area have made the initial ar- rangements for this year's garden. The land will be ploughed as soon as soil moisture conditions permit and the area will be divided into 30 by 50 foot plots. Those i who gardened there last year will i be given first choice until May 1, :and after that date, plots will be assigned on a basis of first appli- cants first. The cost of a garden on the south side site was estimated at $1.50. Ryall pointed out that while many individual gardeners have al- ready started planting some early crops, the great majority of Keno- sha's city farmers have been un- able to work their available land due to exceive rainfall during the past two weeks. Garden Plans Available Emphasizing that the Kenoshans who again plant gardens and if pos- sible step.up their production to meet the increasing shortage of table stuffs will be doing both the nation and themselves a favor, (Continued on Page Fifteen) Gallantry in. iction Wins Reward tor Kenosha Officer This war has just been one cita- tion after another to 1st Lt. Fred F. i Baker, 22, an infantry officer. Wounded in the North African campaign he was given 'a citation for heroism, followed by the Purple Heart. Then he recovered and went back to his unit in time to partici- pate in the Italian campaign. That meant another recognition. A new citation accompanying the award of the Silver Star over the signature of Maj. Gun. Charles W. Ryder, commanding officer of the division in Italy, tells of his most recent exploit. "Lt. Baker was leading his com- pany," the citation says, '%vhen a heavy enemy barrage began falling on the forward elements of the company which was at the time in an exposed position. Lt. Baker and several men were wounded by the first shells, and the company be- came disorganized. "Although wounded, Lt. Baker calmly moved through the area di- recting men to cover, preventing further casualties. Only when he had succeeded in drawing his men out of danger and out of the area, did he permit himself to be evacu- ated. His quick action permitted the advance to continue and officers of neglect of duty in lnspec- [ brought confidence to the me w un- tion at the Lockland plant of the dec him. Lt. Baker's leadership .and Wright Aeronautical Corp. and ] courage under fire were exempmry sentenced them to be dismand a credit to the armed forces of from the service, i the United States." Ist Lt. Fred F. Baker Lt` Baker is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Fred H. Baker, 7107 Four- teenlh avenue. He was employed as a messenger at the First National Bank here when he entered the army in October, 1940• He was with the first American troops to la. in Ireland. A brother, P.O.1/c Francis H. Baker, is at sea in the Pacific. ntade up a total raiding force of probably more than 1,000 planes, also went to the formerly strongly defended aircraft production center without sighting a single enemy fighter. Some of the fighters swept air. fields in France with fire, however, and the crews reported heavy anti. aircraft and rocket defenses over Brunswick. Six of the fighters failed to return. The Fortresses and Liberators from Britain, in their ninth opera- tion in the course of the past 12 days, bombed by instrument through overcast skies which appar- ently hampered the enemy defense. One of Bloodiest Targets Brunswick, on the route to Berlin and 100 miles west of the German capital, has been one of the bloodi. est targets on the books of the United States strategic mr forces. Sixty American bombers failed to return from the daylight attack on the production center on Jan. 11 when 152 Nazi fighters were de- stroyed. The RAP lost 38 bombers there on Jan. 14. and in the last attack on the city on April 8 the Americans lost 34 heavy bombers while shooting down 148 enemy air- craft. Today's mission, the 19th this mouth by the Eighth air force, while employing over 1,000 planes, was considerably smaller than the 2.000-plane armadas which have thundered from Britain in dayllght five times since the huge offensive began from italy on April 15. The German radio declared the American force invading the air over the Reich tgngled with Nazi fighter in fierce battles as the air drive, which has scourged enemy targets in a 750-mile arc across Europe, rolled forward. Heavy Ground Fire The first Fortress crewmen back from Brunswick said they bombed by instrument through heavy clouds without sighting enemy fighters but had to face heavy anti. aircraft and rocket fire from the ground. (Meanwhile CBS Correspondent Howard K. Smith in a broadcast from Bern reported Budapest in Hungary half destroyed, Sofia in Bulgaria three.fourths destroyed and "German rail traffic snarled throughout the Balkans by Allied bombings.) While the heavy bombers con. tinued their unprecedented cam. paign to knock the enemy's air de- fenses fiat, hundreds of lighter planes blackened the skies over the channel in an onslaught against targets in occupied territory sire. liar to the attacks which cost three bombers yesterday. The explo- sions from their assault were heard all the way across the channel. No German Fighters Lightnings, Thunderbolts and Mustangs escorted the four-engined bombers to Germany and the first fighter pilots returning said they encountered no German fighters in the deepening overcast. These (Continued on Page Fifteen) Americans 'Race' ForJapBase i By WILLIAM C. WILSON Advanced Headquarters, Tanah- merah Bay, New Guinea, April 24 --(Delayed)---U.R)--=A race was de- veloping today to see which of two American forces driving on Hollandia's three airfields would capture an airstrip first. The Americans, who overcame the first Japanese counter-attack :at Sabron last night in the drive from Tanahmerah bay, were ap- proximately four and a half miles l from Hollandia airfield, but faced i difficult terrain, where small groups of Japanese in well-placed posi- tions could hold them up for days. ! The other group, pushing from I Humboldt bay, have approximately 12 miles to go to Cyclops airstrip, but over much more favorable ter- rain. I Forces Push Ahead ! Despite the counter;attack last night, the Tanahmerah forces pushed on again this morning and the commanding officer said he eX- pected to encounter more resist- ance the closer he came to the air- strip. The Japanese probably are going to fight like trapped rats -- "which they are," he added. From this advanced outpost we feel almost as though we could spit in the •Japanese faces. But there is plenty of difficult trail blazing before we reach Hollandia airdrome. From here out it is most- ly down hill in contrast to the steep trail getting here. .-::: %. % N 1,3 41. /i .%L