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May 3, 1944     Kenosha News
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May 3, 1944
 

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. i Marltt Member 8 AmJoegnte  Untl Prm Amocm Wcomdn Oatl Leqe and Aud 8umeu a a.uhatn 'ae AssoemteJ Pro Jo ezmmtvt  to e UN Joe repubUcaUon of al) news dlmttebm ,l$1d to ttoe oos otherwtae crediU5 t th e and ahm tl  oewe vubLiahed th Advert[ns Repre.nmUveL Jan & KeLley thc.. New York. Detro/t, AtLanta, San Frandseo 8UBSC][IrlON RA By the WeelL  ......... 0 Cea Slnle Copies ........ Cesta . By Mall]n WIMOD LDd 1]'" .. $800 J YP.r Entered as eeel htu IdtUts et tt Peru Umeo Keno. Wisconsin Undm the AM  Mareb & 187J VOLUME L--NUMBER 184 WEDNESDAY, MAY 3, 1944 Bearing More Fruit Diplomatic mills grind slow. A few weeks ago there was much disappointment because: the attempts of the Allies to give several  so-called neutral nations an opportunity to show that they were not as hide-bound to merly been granted to Germany. Two years ago had Turkey done this, the Nazi army would have been set in motion against her. But nothing has happened, except that Von Papen has been called back to tell Hitler how it happened Now Spain asserts her independence of the Axis to some extent by reaching an agreement with the Allies to cut the Spanish wolfram shipments to Germany to virtual token supplies ,This was a compromise agreement, it is true. but it doesdenote prog- ress in weaning support away from Hitler. In addition Spain agreed to close certain Axis agencies, to release Italian merchant ships which are now in Spanish ports and announced that all Spanish troops had been withdrawn from the Russian front. In re- turn some shipments of oil from the Carib- bean are to be restored for Spain. This. in itself, is a heavy blow to the Axis. But of more importance than the apparent . .  which lend-lease has had in the war effort. Congressman Smith has listed criticism of the lend-lease program and it is not our intention to argue these points with him. Unquestionably such a broad program could not be 100 per cent" perfect. But we believe that had he taken as much time to list the benefits of lend-lease he might have come to a different conclusion than the one he reached when it came the time to vote. "I repeat that I approve the principle of lend-lease as related to the war effort," he declares. Then he adds: "I refuse, however, to condone .profligate spending on a global basis as charged even at the risk of ha-Ang my patriotism questioned. A 'no' vote was the only way that I could register my pro- test against this situation." We submit to Congressman Smith that had every congressman insisted on regis- tering his protest against some evils of lend- lease in this way, "the principle of lend= lease as related to the war effort," which he states that he supports, would have been destroyed. We believe he could better have the Axis as they appeared failed to produce voiced his objections to those portions which immediate results. Turkey at first hesitated may be entitled to criticism and to have shown his support by vote to the main prin- to take any such step; Finland failed to ac- ciple, which is so vital to victory. cept the relatively lenient terms which were extended to her; Sweden stuck to her pro-t,, ,, gram of supplying ball-bearings to Germany! u'tmy and is still taking that stand; Spain, fascist I There is great drama in the tightening iso- herself, tried to continue the duplicity which lation of Britain. as it outs the finishin was called neutrality. All of these things touches on its preparation for the invasion made it appear that the Allies had failed in of the Continent. A recent tlispatch from their program. London said: "Britain became literally a But gradually it is becoming apparent that moated fortress tonight, as severe regula- these so-called neutral countries are seeing/tion s went into effect forbidding any civilian the light. First it was Turkey, who disclaim-It o leave this island for any reason except ing the fiction of neutrality and boldly an-lurgent national business." The island is now nouncing that she was an ally of Great Brit-/mor e isolated than it has been for hundreds ain and therefore of those nations, allied with lf years. her cut the supply of chrome which had for -I There must be great tension there, among result of depriving Germany of needed war materials is the psychological importance of the change in attitude which Spain has indicated. It must mean that the neutral countries are beginning to see the handwrit- ing on the wall and are trying to remove from themselves as much as possible the stigma of "being weighed in the balances and being found wanting" Just as the Turk- ish action may have had some effect in pro- ducing the change of attitude in Spain, so the two of them may be of value in con- vincing other so-called neutrals that their only hope lies in joining with the Allies in ridding Europe of the menace of Hitlerism. It is hardly too much to expect that it will not be long until some of those countries actually allied with Germany will come to a similar conclusion. the men who will direct the powerful attack to be launched against the Continent, and among the men themselves. It will be a great day--though also a fearsome one--for the great army of Americans there, waiting nervously for the coming action. It would be unnatural for them not to have some fear of such a risky undertaking. Let there will be a general sense of relief when the long waiting is over, and they can spend their hopes and dim their fears in action Soldiers" Widows Philadelphia's last Civil War veteran has just died. In the whole country only 625 l were alive on June 30, 1943, according to the United States Veterans Administration. As 350 had died in the previous year, probably in two years there will be no survivors of what was long the country's greatest war. Civil War pensions will continue to be paid, however. The same report that listed only 625 surviving soldiers recorded 32,557 widows of Civil War soldiers, most of them younger than the men who put them on the public payroll. There were even 95 widows i of soldiers of the Mexican War, which was J fought nearly a century ago. And there is I still one surviving pensioner of the War of I 1812, the daughter of a soldier, put on the] pension list in 1927 by a special act of Con - gress. As she is only 87, she may stay there for some years. While all consideration is due the life- partners of veterans, many of those on the pension list may have married for revenue when much younger than their husbands. Mountain Trouble Why it is so hard to fly army supplies fron India to China was recently made clear by William Sloane, a New York publisher, speaking at a trade luncheon. The chief reason is the mountains. Americans think they have some pretty high mountains. Californians, thinking of their Mount Whitney, the highest peak in the United States, think so too. Now Mt. Whitney is 14,500 feet high, the exact height of the very lowest pass in the mountains be- tween China and India. Most of the Sierras would impress a dweller in that part of Asia as nothing more than fairly high hills. That is one reason why the Japanese have KENOSHA EVENING NEWS Wednesday, May 3, 1944 Looks Like a Big Brew Mackenzie ViewstheNews Washington Views By Peter Edson Kenoh vening News Washington correspondent The most important thing about the Montgomery Ward case in Chi- cago is to get it settled, but 'so slowly do the wheels of govern- ment grind with these cases that it will be at least another 30 days before Order can be restored and the government can get out of the business. The big question is, why all this delay and why all the other delays in settling a case that be- came acute last Dec. 8? The answer would seem to be that there are some glaring deects in govern- mental machinery for settling such disputes. The National Labor Relations board hearing on the Montgomery Ward case which opened in Chi- cago on Saturday, April 29, be- for an NLRB examiner, is a reg- ular NLRB procedure exactly like thousands of other hearings in sim- ilar disputes to determine a bar- gaining agent. This is the first step towards settlement. This hearing was ordered to be held last March 8 and under normal conditions would have been held earlier. After Chicago hearing is com- pleted, the case will be referred to National Labor Relations Board headquarters in Washington. The board is set to give it immediate i attention. It is most probable that the board will direct that an elec- tion be held to determine whether the United Wholesale, Retail and Department Store Employes union, CIO, is the proper bargaining agent. The usual form of such an order is that election "shall be held as early as possible, but not later than 30 days" from the date of the order. It is usually left to the What of the Advantages? Elsewhere in this edition -- on page seven there is published a further statement from Congressman Lawrence H. Smith ex- plaining his vote against the extension of the lend-lease program, to which vote ex- ception has been taken in this column. The Kenosha Evening News gladly accedes to the request of Congressman Smith to publish this statement "in the interest of fair play." It is hoped that it will be widely read for this reason. Heretofore in this column there has been published a shorter statement from Con- gressman Smith on this issue. At that time it was stated that we did not believe that it provided sufficient reason to vote against the lend-lease program which unquestion- ably had produced great advantages for the cause of victory. We are still of the same opinion. Congressman Smith declares that the press back home does not have an oppor- tunity, as congressrfn do, to have the bene- fit of committee hearings and the like in Washington. That is true but such benefit is not needed to realize the great value Another possible outcome not to be overlooked is for the employes to vote against the union or have Mr. Avery refuse to accept a vote for the union, with the result that the union will strike and the gov- ernment, through the War Labor Board, will have to begin all over again in its efforts to effect set- flement. There is no getting around the conclusion that the presence of the War Labor Board in this dispute, plus the White House interference, i has complicated the picture and delayed settlement. Without this interference, the proper course of the Montgomery Ward dispute would have been for the unionway back last Novem- ber or Decemberto petition for an election or to file a charge of unfair labor practices with the National Labor Relations Board, the estab- lished government agency to settle such situations. i Had NLRB gon ahead on its usual procedure at that time, instead of now, this case might never have come to present delayed and em- barrassing climax. But when the War Labor Board stepped into the picture, ordering the contract con- tinued in effect after it had expired last December, and events placed the unwanted baby on the White House doorstep, there was no need for the union to push its case, and the hands of the NLRB were fled. The Montgomery Ward ease has resulted therefore in a confusion of prejudicial and emotional opin- ion. But regardless of whether you look on Sewell Avery as a knight in shining armor championing the rights of oppressed employes or as run-over heel to be carried out by the kitchen police, you can't escape as a second guess the opin- ion that the government's handling hasn't been too hot either. NLRB office to set the election day, election, print ballots and deter- mine who is entitled to vote. Election Procedure Is a Question Y'2 ress This last point may Cause some By d dispute, as there are controversial )roblems on whether part-time em- )Ioyes should vote, whether there hould be eparate elections in the retail store, warehou and mall order departments. What happens after that depends of course on the outcome of the election. If the employes vote against continuing the union as a bargaining agent, Sewell Avery, the 69-year-old scrapping chairman of Montgomery Ward's board of di- rectors, wins the argument and can dictate the terms of employ- ment without a contract, It goes without saying, however, that the CIO organizers will not let the elec- tion go by default;If the employes vote to continue the union as bar- gaining agent, the next step .s to negotiate a new contract or sign a renewal of the old contract which expired Dec. 8. lately been making important gains in their China war. ISide Glances There seems to be an argument now as to  whether our language is "English" or "American." Well, that problem n e v e r !I t seemed to bother George Washington or Thomas Jefferson. C That man Stalin certainly likes to have plenty of room. The Sap is a sort of human jeep, but not so good. Quotations From Shakespeare By JAMES THRASHER Today we're going to quote Shakespeare  not William, but a contemporary whose first name is Monroe, and who owns a fishing tackle plant turned airplane parts factory in Kalamazoo, Mich. Kalamazoo Shakespeare runs more to truth than poetry. His speech is devoid of elegance or imagery. But there is a good bit of sound and timely sense in a plan he outlined the other day to Edward A. Evans of the Scripps-Howard newspapers. "People without work consume taxes," said Mr. Shakespeare. "People in productive jobs pay taxes and provide better markets for business and in- dustry." There is a statement as unassailable as any of the bard's best aphorisms, But the contemporary Shakes- pears doesn't leave it at that. He suggests ways and means of achieving the second condition, a consummation devoutly to be wished in the postwar future. O Specifically, Mr. Shakespeare would have the gov- ernment give employers a direct and positive in- centive for creating new jobs after the war. Michigan, he points out, rewards businesses with good records for steady employment by reducing their unemploy- ment compensation contributions from 4 to 3. 2 or 1 Per cent. He doesn't see why Congress couldn't adopt a similar plan. He suggests establishing an employment base of 60 per cent of the personnel employed at the war's end. The employer would get no credit for base level or i below. But he would get 1 per cent credit for each 2; per cent rise, and a 20 per cent tax credit for wartime employment. At the end of the year the employment base and incentive rates would be re- vised according to the unemployment still remaining. --o-- Mr. Shakespeare wouldn't have Congress paying off on phony figures. The new jobs would have to be real ones  35 to 40 hours a week, and 45 or 48 weeks a year. Such a plan would obviously save the TreamuT more than was lost through tax credit& Mass unemployment, as Mr. Shakespeare points out, would mean spending billions to. put people to some sort of work, probably through some sort of WPA. The country couldn't afford that. The taxpayer who foots the unemployment bill would certainly like to avoid it It's hard to see much objection to Mr. Shakespeare's plan from anybody's point of view. It is apparent that the majority of Americans  including organized labor  would like to see private industry solve the whole postwar full employment problem if it can. ! Moscow announces capture of Rzhev, 130 miles west and slightly north of Moscow; to the south, Soviet forces continue to have trou- ble with heavy German counter- attacks in the Donets region. In Central Tunisia, United Na- tions forces advanced toward Sidi Bou Zid from Sbeitla. German bombers make a weak retaliation raid on London. In London, A. L. Alexander, First Lord of the Admiralty, declares heavy future shipping losses should be expected. Elmer Davis, ead of the OWl, says that sinking of United Nations merchantmen have been higher in February than in January. Washington reports nine air at- tacks during February on Japa- nese base at K/ska Island in the Aleutians. Turning Back the Pages of History By DeWITT MacKENZIE Associated Press War Analyst We've been told that D-day for great invasion of western Eu- rope has been set, and British La- bor Minister Ernest Bevin confided to the war-workers at the week-end that he even knew the precise mo- ment though he dared not reveal it It will seem strange to most folk that an unprecedented amphibious attack  an operation which liter- ally is an adventure into the un- known -- can be pinned down with such exactness. Still, it is because of its very magnitude and unique- ness that there must be as much exactness as is humanly possible. However, we can take it for granted that, despite an exact date, the time can be altered to meet an unforeseen emergency. It's obvious that a date which depends to con. siderable degree on untested sic- rants must be conditional to that extent. Illustrated t Sicily This point was illustrated at the time of our Sicilian invasion. The i day before D-day a freak 33.knot[ wind developed suddenly, whip-[ ping up waves that made hundreds I of soldiers sick and worried their[ officers. Vice Admiral H. K. Hewett' I commander in chief of the U. S. naval forces in North African wa- ters, called in Commander Richard C. Steers, the weather man who always gives the right answer. Steers said the wind would die down and advis  no change in plans But the time of the invasion presumably would have been al- tered it his report had been ad- verse. Barring this qualification as to flexibility, we can be sure that plans have been worked out ex- actly. While the zero hour can't be guaranteed weeks in advance. what can be fairly well guaranteed is that things will follow a certain course after the zero hour has been reached. Must Expect "Confusions" Of course, the best planned offen- sives are likely to have local up. sets, such as some unit being held up by fierce opposition. However, these can be compensated for, as the occasion may demand, because of the precision of the operation as a whole. There's one situation we onlook. ers must be prepared for. Many confusing things are likely to hap- pen after the invasion starts things which only the Allied com. mand can understand. Indeed some of these mysteries will be deliber- ately perpetrated by our command to fool the enemy. At a time of great tension, events which aren't understandable are bound to cause worry, but in the forthcoming in. vasion there's no need to let them get us down in the mouth. May 3, 1919 Sgt. Alexander Palmer, Kenosha soldier with AEF, plays in hand that played special concert for Gen. Pershing in France. Married May 1, Fred Surerus and Helen Ludwig. Sgt. Eddie Britton arrives at Newport News after extensive overseas service Girl Scout council elects these officers: Mrs. Mary D. Bradford, honorary president; commissioner, Miss Cora Frantz: vice commis- sioner, Mrs. Griffith Bichards: treasurer, Mrs. Thomas Barden; executive secretary, Miss Catherine Novaek; camping committee, Miss LaMaude Yule, Miss Edith Wallis. The council boasts 300 Girl Scouts organized into 12 troops and a 14- piece drum corps. Daughter born last week to Mr. and Mrs. Matt Boerner. Lt. Ben Rundell mustered out of service. Lt. Charles H. Matthews arrives in New York from overseas on his way home. Marriage licenses issued to George Hollander and Margaret Helminsky, to Mathias Herrann and Adelaide Greenwald, to Robert Mohn and Elsie Tagge. Herbert Mathews mustered out of service. Walter J. Frost elected president of Kenosha Manufacturers Asso- ciation. Other officers are George S Whyte, Conrad Shearer, Grace Havens; executive board, C. C Allen, C. W. Nasb, Z. G. Simmons, L. T. Hannahs and G. A Yule. Views of Others Troops Used to Enforce an Order The controversy between the Roosevelt administration and Mont- gomery Ward & Co., reached the level of sensationalism recently, when the government used a de- tachment of troops to take posses- sion of the Chicago units of the mail order house, in conforming with a presidential order for seiz- ure of the concern's facilities. It was only after the army force showed up that Sewell Avery, chief executive officer of the huge mer- chandising firm, yielded and retired. He had previously rebuffed all ef- forts to enforce the demand that a United States official should take over. The fight that Avery put up was vigorous and dramatic while it lasted, but finally he had to capitu- late. He had no alternative. Regardless of the relative merits of the case, the seizure by the gov- ernment is regarded in many quar- ters as exceedingly high-handed ac- tion. Mr. Avery's statement just previous to qulttin and published in many newspapers, wound up with the declaration: "Congress has giv- en the president no power to seize th nonwar business of Montgomery Ward. Any seizure of Ward's plant or business would be in complete disregard of the Constitution which the president is sworn to uphold and defend. Wards has violated no law nor denied to the union any privilege to which it is legally en- titled." While making it clear that it is not aiming to defend Ward's labor relations policies, the Chicago Jour- nal of Commerce flatly maintains that the action of President Roose- velt in this case is a challenge of serious proportions. It declares that if the president, acting through the department of commerce and backed up by the war department, "can use his wartime powers to seize the property and business of Montgomery Ward & Co., because the company has a disagreement with the union of a contested num- ber of its employes (C.IO.), backed up by the war labor board, he can do almost anything his political aims or personal sympathies may i direct. "He can seize any business in which there is a technical differ- ence of opinion between the man- agement and a union. "The excuse used to classify Ward's as a war business -- that wartime food production is being held up because the brief strike in- tertered rlth the shipment of farm machinery  is of the flimsiest pos- sible texture. By using such an ex- TODAY on the HOME FRONT By JAMES MARLOW and GEORGE ZIELKE Washington  (/P) -- Men in 4-F (,-hysically incapable of military service) and those in 1-C (dis- charged servicemen) are concerned about a notice sent to draft boards this week by selective service This notice called for a "revision in the prcce-'urc to b followed in the reclassification" of 4-F's and 1-C's. Before explainiug the notice, this :hould b made clear: Draft boards continually have been going over their lists of 4-F's and 1-C's, trying to reclassify them for military service where pos- sible. At SS headquarters it was said that 60,000 men in 4-F were re- classified in February. It is likely the m mber of such reclassifica- tions is running about 60,000 monthly. Example is Cited For instance: A year ago a man was examined and found pbysical- ly fit except for a hernia. Because of the hernia he was placed in 4-F. Since then he has been op- erated on, recovered, and appar- ently is pbysically fit. So what would happen to such an? Would the draft board ship him off to the induction cen- ter for army examination? No. Until last Saturn' the regular But there were bottlenecks in the plan. The board usually was made up of seven specialists, one expert on the heart, another on the nervous system, and so on. Began to Pile Up They were scattered around tha state. So 4-F whose heart had im- proved might have to be shipped clear across the state to the board imember who was a heart special. ist. Examinations by board mere. bers began to pile up. On Saturday SS changed thi procedure. Now the draft board can send a 4-F to the board mere. bers, or the local board's exam- ining physician. The state's SS medical director can also take a hand. For example: By approving a certificate from a doctor who says he has cured a 4-F of hernia by operation. In such a case an actual examination of the man would not be necessary and the board could reclassify him. Other Instructions But SS also told the local draft boards this: When a man who still remains 4-F is found to be in an essential industry, he is to be reclassified as 2-A or 2-B on his own card which he carries around with him. The board will also carry him as 2-A or 2-B but like this: 2-A (F) or 2-B (F). This has a bookkeep- procedure was to have him exam- ing value and may make the 4-F ined by one of the specialists on feel better. the Late's medical advisory board. Some o r ;-- . . I b ads have been do,, Thzs kmd of proceaure was man ths Now SS sts . . -I " sugge all do it. oatory. I But a 4-F who, after another If the specialist recommendedllook by the board still was found that the 4-F be reclassified as fittol be 4-F but engaged in non-essen- for military duty, that is what the tial work, would retain that classi- board generally did although itlfication and would not be changed still could leave him in 4-F if it to 2-A or 2-B until he got into wished, essential work. a truck which might be employed to deliver seeds to a farmer or a farmer's hogs to market, even your lawn mower." It is pointed out that "the action at Ward's is setting a precedent for what may be expected elsewhere if management is unwilling to follow the letter of a WLB demand. If this precedent is allowed to hold, all business men had better realize the extent of these powers." No doubt the dispute in this ease will wind up in the courts, perhaps go to the highest tribunal, the su- presto court. The latter, however is dominated by New Deal ap- pointees of the president. -- Osh- kosh Northwestern. Uncle Ray's Corner Tin and cenery are Bolivia's M_in Features Of the countries in South Aer- ica, there are two without a sea coast. These are Paraguay and Bolivia Bolivia had some sea coast a century ago, but lost it to Chile as a result of the "War of the Pacific." That war cut off the Pacific coast from Bolivia. alOUNTAIN $'rRM$ in BOtlVl/I Tin and scenery may be called the two great features of Bolivia. Bolivia is the only part of the [sea level Bolivia, on the other hand, has three peaks which are four miles above sea level! One of these is Mount Sorata, and its height is given as 21.500 feet. It is not the highest peak in the Andes mountains but is one of the top five. Silver also has some importance in Bolivia, but it was more impor- tant in the past than it is now. The country provides hardly two per cent of the world's present supply, but in the last four centuries it has produced close to $3,000,000.000 worth of silver. Along with Peru, Bolivia owns the famous Lake Titicaca. This lake is widely known because it is the only big lake with a bed at such a height. It rests on land which is almost two and a half miles above sea level! Indians of Bolivia may be seen on rivers aboard small rafts Many of the rats are made from bun- dies of reeds, and must be pulled to dry ground after being used so they will not become "waterlog- ged," (For Travel section of your scrapbook.) Tomorrow: More About Bolivia, Barbs Worry about the past and you waste the present which might be used for looking forward to the future. Now we're having our cleanup days Uncle Sam had his March 15 and April 15. Human nature is what makes us peeved when someone fails to re. turn an umbrella we failed to return_ The higher price of liquor means less of it for some. Others iust get soaked. There is to be less gum for .'ivilians. That sounds Ake neglect of movie seats. $ New World with a large supply I, '/m l " - of tin. Malaya andtheDutchEastIndies hlnk 00,at00.tv rank ahead of Bolivia in output of I """" '" ssv, i tin, but those lands are now in the l . . May 1 L observed m many see hands of the Japanese. H the United . ., Nations did not have Bolivian tin, [hurts of the country as Cnua we. should be in great trouble in Health Day. Parents, the National this field. Even as it is, we do not Safety Council reminds you that have enough tin to meet all our needs. As to scenery, Bolivia hardly needs to bow to any country on earth. It has some of the most stately mountains to be found any- where. It has been called "the Switzerland of South America," but some of its peaks are taller accidents cause one.third of all deaths of children between tho ages of 5 and 19. So be sure to include safety training in your plans and practices for your chil. dren's health and well-being. 0 It was not until after chests were made of cedar, because of o.mt.v.mm..,mv.. cuss, the government might seizelthan any in Switzerland. the beauty and pleasant odor of "If you must stick your finger with a pin, please ,_ve the room--I anything  a vacant lot on which] The highest peak in Switzerland!the wood that people discovered don't want Snookums to grow up speaking that kind of F.mglishl" a Victory garden might be grown, rises less than three miles above they were moth-repellant. .# Y