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June 10, 1944     Kenosha News
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June 10, 1944
 

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Page Foui KENOSHA EVENING NEWS Times Have Changed Time was when it was generally believed that General Forrest of Civil War fame said the last word regarding winning wars when he picturesquely remarked that it consisted of "getting there fustest with the mostest men." That still applies to some extent but modern warfare is much more complicated than the Forrest formula indicates. A group of'Wisconsin, Michigan and Illi- nois newspaper men, of which the writer was a member, recently had the opportunity of seeing what some of these new comphca- tions are and how they are being efficiently met when they were privileged to visit Wright Field, near Dayton, Ohio, where the U. S. Army Air Force Materiel Command is located. There are many army airfields throughout the country but Wright Field is different from all of the others. It is the laboratory or the proving ground--where the weapons and all the equipment of the U. S. air forces are conceived, developed and tested. A $150,- 000,000 institution, it has proved its value over and over by the advances which it has made possible in military aviation for this country. It has been doing this for years, long before the present war, but during the present conflict has stepped up its activities to meet the challenge which was presented. These newspaper men were shown in con- fidence some of the achievements which have been accomplished at Wright Field and some which are now in the process of development. For security reasons all of these cannot be made public. But every newspaper man there was convinced that Wright Feld has more than kept abreast of the times and is producing for the American fliers the best and most efficient airplanes and aviation equipment that the world has ever known. Wright Field is a place where many of the things which at the outset appeared fan- tastic have become practical Those in charge welcome suggestions which appear at the outset to be most impractical. They work upon them and from them develop those things which become practical. Failure in some particular idea becomes the stepping stone for later success. TheAmerican planes which have been strafing Hitler's Fortress Europe so successfully during the past year and those which are now protecting Allied soldiers in the invasion of Europe came as a result of the experiments carried on at Wright Field some time ago. Now the Wright Field force is working two or three years ahead so that if the need continues, America will still be in the lead in military aviation. It is not the purpose here to list or to re- count any or all of those achievements. It is rather the purpose to pass on to the public the conviction gained by those visiting news- paper men that the American and Allied troops when they "get there fustest with the mostet men" will also be there with "the bestest" air equipment that the world has ever known. This will be because of the suc- cessful, untiring and continuing work which is being done at Wright Feld. Unquestionably similar planning and achieving is being done for other branches of the armed services of the United States. Wright Field is the example of it for military aviation. As a part of passing on this confidence to the readers of th newspaper, there is being published, starting today, a series of arti- cles, prepared and released by Wright Field and describing the various types of U. S. Army warplanes. The first of these articles appears elsewhere on this page today. It is our hope that these will be generally read so that along with comments made above they will convince the reading public, just as those visiting editors were convinced, that there is more than a catchy phrase in that part of the Army aviators' song which declares "Nothing can stop the Army Air Force." Wrap Them Securely Many package which are being sent to our fighting men overseas never reach their destination because they are improperly wrapped. This happens despite the most painstaking work of the postal department to attempt to deliver them. Postmaster A. C. Grosvenor of Kenosha has received a post- office department bulletin which calls atten- tion to tllUs situation and urges the parents, relatives and friends of men in service to take more care in preparing the packages which are being sent overseas. It declares that each week the postmas- ter at New York -- and this probably ap- plies as well to the postmaster at San Fran- cisco or any othl postoffice where  a large bulk of mail pases through to the men in serwce  reports the receipt of several thou- sand parcels addressed to members of our armed forces overseas, which are in broken or torn condition due to improper packing and insufficient wrapping. This necessitates the assignment of a large number of employes to the sole task of assembling loose articles and endeavoring to associate them with their respective parcels and of strengthening and rewrapping the parcels. Some of them are so far gone that they never reach their destina- tion. The Postoffice Department makes the fol- lowing suggestions: "The containers of these broken parcels are usually of thin cardboard, generally a shoe box. In some cases containers which have been ap- proved by the Department for domestic mailings within the United States are used for overseas mailings. Boxes for overseas shipment should be stronger than containers used for parcels which do not leave our shores. Owing to the great dis- tance these parcels must be transported, and the handling and storage they must undero, it is ab- solutely necessary that all articles for overseas be packed either in boxes of metal, wood, solid fiberboard, or strong double-faced corrugated iberboard. Each box should be securely sealed with strong gummed paper tape or tied with strong twine, or both, and should contain suffi- cient cushioning material to prevent any rattling or loosening of the articles within the parcel." This newspaper joins with Postmaster Grosvenor in appealing to Kenoshans to fol- low these regulations in mailing packages to the fighters in our armed services overseas so that there will be a greater possibility of them reaching their destination intact. Question for Bowles Housewives have taken rationing restric- tions pretty well, especially since Chester Bowles took over. He has obviously made an honest effort to keep them from being any more of a nuisance than necessary, and he has patiently explained many whys and wherefores. But Americans do not under- stand about sugar. They know the submarine interfered with sugar, coffee and bananas at first. Then the submarine campaign was won and coffee began to flow with ever-increasing smooth- ness. Bananas began to appear, too, not free- ly, but growing more so. But sugar has the housewife baffled. Americans know much sugar goes into al- cohol for the war. But what about Cuban sugar? What about Puerto Rico? It is true the half-starved natives of that American island ought to vary their crops for the improve- ment of their own lives. But sugar for ex- port is still their main crop. Americans are on a short sugar ration and warned that it may be shorter before the summer is over. If Mr. Bowles wants the American house- wife to keep on supporting OPA, he Will have to explain more clearly about sugar. Where is it, and why cannot she have it in comfortable amounts for baking and for canning? War Smoothness The smoothness with which the American war machine is operating, in comparison with some other wars that might be men- tioned, is often commented on nowadays. It is one of the most reassuring things about a vast, costly, complex undertaking. KENOSHA EVENING NEWS The Fuse Is Lit, and He Can't Let Go :# Washington Views By Peter Edson By PETER EDSON KenOsl vetlng NCW Washington Correspondent The big rumpus over Navy's can- cellation of the Brewster Aero- nautical C o r p o r a t ! o n contract brought forth a strange rallying cry that sounded a good bit llke a plea to continue "War as usual!" Remember the old wail of "Busi- ness as usual!" back in the days before Pearl Harbor, when indus- try was reluctant to convert to all-out war production? "Was as usual!" is the successor to "Business as usual!" It is in- spired by the same selfish motives' and you are apt to hear it a lot from here on. The prayer to continue war busi- ness as usual comes from business and labor groups who, having once been persuaded to convert to war production and having made money out of It, want it to go on forever. While moaning out of one corner of the mouth about hardships of government wartime controls and restrictions, they are yelling out of the other side whenever there is a move made in Washington towards relaxing government con- trols that would give an advantage to a competitor. The result is a reconversion babel that beats anything heard in the days of conversion, and it indicates that the country is in for a long spell of reverse headaches in get- ting back on the tracks of peace, unless preventatives are adminis- Saturday, June 10, 1944 DeWitt Mackenzie Views the News % ington knows where all the sub- contracts or the sub-sub-sub-con- tracts are placed, and who will be thrown out of a job in Connecti- cut, Kansas or California when a contract is canceled in Portland, Me., or Portland, Ore. Nobody in Washington knows what the inven- tories of parts or stockpiles of raw materials are in all these sub:con- tracting plants, nor does anyone know to what each of these plants could be reconverted. The "Free Enterprise" Theory The second theory on bringing an end to "war business as usual" was advanced as long ago as last October by the Senate Truman committee investigating the war production effort. It is that the gov- ernment should not determine nor even strongly influence determina- tion of what civilian goods are to be put back in production by whom, in what quantity, or when. In other words, remove restrictions on use of materials as fast as surpluses de- velop, then cancel contracts as fast as possible and leave the rest to industry. This is nothing more nor less than exercise of the free enterprise system that business has been yell- ing for. Mrbe business doesn't want this freedom of enterprise as much as it lets on. The Brewster case would seem to indicate that labor as well as management wants government controls left on. No reconversion of one automo- bile company, for instance, until all can get back into the game. "war business as usual" until all the selfish pressure groups have Turninq Back the Pages of History June 10, 1919 By DEW*ITT MACKENZIE Associated Pre War Analyst The Allies are making slow but steady progress in the battle of Cherbourg peninsula  with the crisis of the main Nazi counter. attack still to come. There's encouragement in sever- al developments. Highly important is the fact that Allied resources, both in men and equipment, are being built up  vital preparation for the coming German assault. Along with that we must rankl gains in the drive against the great l port of Cherbourg which the Al- lies must possess as a hopper through which they can send an avalanche of men and materiel. Cherbourg has come nearer Al- lied grasp with the capture of Ste. Mere-Eglise, 18 miles to the south, which enabled invading troops to drive towards the port along main highways, On top of that success American troops have taken the important rail and highway junc- tion of Isigny, increasing the threat. Berlin reports that a violent Allied attack has been launched against Cherbourg I Another hot spot is in the area of the city of Caen, strategic rail and road center. Here our Cana- dian and British comrades have 'thrown back heavy Nazi attemptS to break up the neighboring bridge- head and are pushing towards the city itself. Would Mean Hitler's End Looking with realistic and not over-optimistic eyes at the penin. suls. Hitler's own newspaper, the Voeikischer Beobachter, admits that success of the Allied invasion would "simply mean the end." Probably the question uppermost in the Fuehrer's mind, and in ours, is: at what point will it be possible to label the invasion a success? That isn't a difficult question. A| I see it we can say safely that the invasion will have achieved suc. cess as soon as the Allies hve dem. onstrated their ability to develop and hold a major base through which a great army can be poured onto the continent. It isn't neeesw sary that we should have com. pleted this operation in order to make it clear that we are capabla of finishing the job. TODAY on the HOME FRONT State federation of Catholic ing secure with a round-trip res- Woman's Clubs meeting in Keno-ervation. The return reservation sha brings suggestion to federate might be cancelled if it was for a all such clubs in the nation and Pullman suddenly pulled into use make a national organization, for the wounded The more Pullman cars taken By JAMES MARLOW and ]of the armed services are traveling GEORGE ZIELKE monthly on furloughs or assign. Washington ---{P) This is why] ments" ....... _ here zs zne pzcture ot wna na the government has asked the pub- a "  Am "  " lic to spend vacations at home this!n ppenea m ...erlcan ransporm, uon $o xar m m war: summer and not travel on railroads In 1918 th w r 61 ^^^ or inter-city busses ere e:re- ,vv p, as- Firs*' To ro];o-'- *h o aTead  senger cars -- o,wu any coacne| ............  and 7,000 Pullmans -- and they' heavy burden on transportation, traveled 43 billion passenger miles. Second: Within 30 to 60 days European war front casualties will In 1943 there were only 45,000 be coming back, perhaps many passenger cars. They traveled 87 thousands of them, and will need billion passenger mile& This was twice the traveling of Pullman cars for shifts from ports 1918 when there were 26,000 mort to hospitals and from one hospital to another, passenger cars. You might go on vacation, feel- The reason for the decrease in cars: Starting in the 1920's. the automobile and bus drained off travelers from the railroads. With fewer passengers, the roads did not replace worn out equipment The number of pengers car. Marriage license issued to Claus out of civilian use. the more ried -- not to be confused with Anderson and Edna Verona Kleist. civilians will turn to inter-city'passenger miles  by the railroad| busses for necessary travel, in 1943 was 885 million. Mrs. G. M. Phelan elected to About 3,500 of the nation's 7,0001 This will show the increasin succeed Miss Millicent Northway Pullman cars and about 12,500 of]ion d on inter-city busses" -- " as president of First Wisconsin Dis- fhe 38 000 day coaches already are In 1941 "h " " - " ....... '" n-use shifti t  ey ravelea la oluzon trict Nurses' association, in seaay governme t , ng r " " " nn nnn + , a * ,,.t miles, ca rymg 395 million persons: Mustered out of service: William : ........ .-v ...... . .........  iin 1942 it was 22 billion miles and in orgamzea movemems .... _ . 1680 mflhon passengers- in 1943 t Kefes, Jr., Albert V. Fonk. Ane:dl'o:TeAm::ut?;: 'n 2Lsbe?:2s.mlles and 975 rail. Lewis Blood has a party for his 000 men ninth birthday. [Barbs Annuncement made f the en" U S Army gagement of Charlotta Cooper, daughter of the late Charles Coop- , , er, and Gilbert S. Lance, son of Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Lance. ' IWar Planes ooo sets may slow down due to the heat but they always come Married at Bristol, June 5: Vera back strong. Lucille Gaines and John Alexan- der Smith. I If the Germ j really want to .... avoid destruction they honid Edward Dayton named chmrman[ Wrzght Fzeld, Ohm--War Planes ...... of campaign to raise $100,000 for for the invasion were ready! The gv__e_ce  t: 'r a..rm y as mey an- , noun y a rome St. Catherine's hospital in a ten-iAAF Materiel Command" which is day whirlwind campaign. Icharged with the ...... development, I When you neJect to take care procurement, producuon ann m r w at . . "lof you la n regular interval St: Barnabas Guild conduct suc- spectlon of all Arrn.y Axr .ForceSlcomes the unkindest cut of all. cesszu[ aance uurzng program i men r  z .equ p ,nas p OVlOea Dr e , au-i special numbers were provided by thoritative facts on each one thatl Many people are afraid o dive Hazel Mikkelsen Florence Peters and Howard Sershon. The commit- made sure that they are going to tee comprised Mrs. Joseph Clark- be taken care of, regardless of cost son, Mrs. Alexander Ebert, Mrs. W. tared quickly before invasion suc-.tothe taxpayer. J. Cavanagh, and Miss Margaret ' ' kllen. cess makes cancellatmns of war } =:-___: ...... _-: ....... .-:_-_--: contracts the rule instead oft * :JWa Y Ag0 therarity" 00iews of Others There are two principal schoolsl .... =:---------------- ..... -=-------:----- of thought on how to go about end-I June 1O, 1943 Lug '%var business as usual.'  Allied bombers batter island of D-DayV-Day (Editorial Note: The following let- The first is to set up some kind of agency in Washington to plan and boss the job. A somewhat faltering step in this direction was taken toward the end of May when War Production Board Chairman Don- ald M. Nelson announced the nam- ing of a new committee of Army, Navy, Maritime Commission, Man- power and WPB executives to make plans for reconversion on X- day--the date of Germany's col- lapse. Can WPB do this job? Can any agency of humans be set up that will be big enough or smart enough to deal with all the problems of business reconversion by govern- ment control? For example, there is still no place in Washington where anyone can go to determine what effect will be used by American forces.in shallow water. We need more The data on a different plane will|like them. appear daily, l ............ | A common dog is the best watch the -za-'tztcnen- |dog, says an animal trainer Buy The "Mitchell" medium bomber|one with a pedigree and a burglar is being widely used in all theaters.lis liable to steal him. Lt. Gen. Doolittle used a fleet of/ them to bomb Tokyo and they Uncle Kync3-'S have been exceptionally successful in the South Pacific and Mediter- ranean theaters in destroying enemy shipping. Come[ DESCRIPTION: Twin-engine me- dium bomber constructed as 'an all-metal, midwing, land mono- !plane. Twin tail. tricycle landing gear. Crew of 5 or 6. Manufac- tured by North American at Ingle- wood, Cal. and Kansas City, Mo.,i and modified by Materiel Command engineers. DIMENSIONS: Span: {]7 feet, inches. Height: 15 feet, 9 inches. Tread width: 19 feet, 4 inches. Wing area: 610 square feet. Length: 51 feet, 11 inches. Approximate max- imum weight: 35,000 pounds. POWER PLANT: Two Wright R-2600 air-cooled radial 14-cylin- der 1,700 hp engines, with 2-speed turbo superchargers. H a m i I t o n Standard 3- bladed, hydromatic full-feathering propellers. PERFORMANCE: Rated in 300 miles per hour class. Approximate service ceiling 25,000 feet. Tacti- cal radius of action---400 miles. BOMB LOAD: 2.000 pounds. ARMAMENT: Attack version: Ix.75 mm. cannon. 14x.50 caliber machine guns, including four in power turrets. Bomber version: Regular bombardier nose, no can- curled smoke over Mount Yesuv, non. 12 guns. !ius, except that it was white with PROTECTION: Armor for all ia green tinge. The whole sky crew members at battle stations, around it Was like a heavy fog. Leak-proof tanks. I "'The smoke kept on curling /or The Jet-Propelled Fighter r fully a minute, and then slowly rV';C'TP'PTCN. 'Pwin-enine et-[melted away. It was at lem fivo pro;ulon--figlr.--Manttctured[ minutes before the sky cleared by Bell to Materiel Command ape-i up aga,n. cifications. I " "reave wondered whether any. POWER PLANT: Two General one else saw that. It would be in. Electric jet-propulsion type an- teresting to know." gines. No propellers. A mumber of persons saw the PERFORMANCE: Secret. In gen- hundreds of bright meteors which eral the aircraft has high speed!crossed Canada and went out over and hlgh ceiling. ! the Atlantic. They moved in groups ARMAMENT AND PROTEC-Iof from three to 40 meteor, and TION: Heavily armored and Lrled The main reasons are not hard to discover. Not only are there good men in charge of cancellation of any one prime contract will have. Nobody in Wash- the war militarily, but there is political 00lSide] Glances operation to a surprising degree. There are Republicans and Democrats in equal num- bers on the Foreign Relations committee, and y Ga/bfl they confer regularly with the Secretary of State. The President is readily accessible, .. so that there is general understanding of war policies and measures. These facts alone are as important as the winning of battles. And, indeed, they help to win the battles. ! In this war crisis, where is Mussolini's fine i Italian hand? Further Adventures of/ames Caesar ter regardinS D-Day wall written by a Kenosha Wave. now stationed at Lambert Field, St. Louis, to her parents ia Kenosha!. June 6, 1944--D-Day--The day the whole world has been waiting forlooking forward to the begin- ning of eternal freedom for all people, white nd black, yet dread- ing it because so many )f our boys will not be here to enjoy the free- dom and peace for which they so gladly are giving their lives. There ar no atheists in the world to- day -- everyone, rich or poor, American, GetTnan or Japanese, are praying, pouring out all their hopes and putting their trust into God's hands. He and He alone will inspire us with an unquenchable, unconquerable spirit to fight and die for what is right---our Amer- ican way of life. From where I am sitting now, I can see our Flag proudly, oh, so proudly, flaunting in every stripe and star, the fact that though they were bitter, it has come through all our former bloody conflicts and that it will come through this one, too. Let us all get down on our knees and that this D-Day is just a short to V-Day  our day of victory. BETTY STAR, Sp(T)3/3, U.S.N.R. t But the National Association of Broadcast En- gineers and Technicians feels that perhaps a man with a degree from M. I. T. or Prdue can put on and take off records, and even place the needle in the right groove aa part of their regular work and at no extra charge. They're being a bit stubborn about it. They threaten to walk out ff a long-hair from the A. F. M. so much a lays an irreverent hand on a recorded singing commercial. And there the matter rests at the moment. Our sympathies are with the engineer|. But, since you can't ignore past performances, our money is on Mr. PetrRlo. Most of all, however, we are intrigued with the future possibilities for the musician that the lateat Petrillo contention opens up. If a wax disc contain- ing grooves which under certain conditions give off musical vibrations should be handled only by a member of the musicians' union, then the musicians' pstwar employment problems are solved. The piano mover will have to hold an A. F. M. card. A union musician will have to ride on every moving van to handle the family radio and Juniors' fiddle. The boys and girls who sell radio, phono- graphs, record& instruments and sheet music have to join up. And you won't catch us touching our portable radio until Mr. PetriUo has passed upon our fitness and accepted our initiation fee. i Pantelleria for 18th straight day. In London, Maj. Gen. Ira C. Eaker discloses that our air force in Britain has doubled since March and will be twice its present size by October. In Australia. Prime Minister John Curtin declares that the Jap- anese can no longer attack his countr] and that Australia is ready to take the offensive. Argentina cancels facilities that would have permitted Axis groups to send code messages to their capitals. Soviet Army is reported by Ber- lin to have pushed across the Mius River, west of Roster. President Roosevelt signs the pay-as-yougo Tax Bill. $ A day means a period of 12 hours to the Chinese. By JAMF THRASHFA Thiz is another chapter in the breath-taking saga of James Caesar Petrillo, president of the American FederaUon of Mu$1clams Mr Petrtilo. as you prob- ably know by now, is mindful of his own. Year in and year out. in spite of war and manpower needs, he hu been bu" dreaming up new and fascinating fields of employment for du-paying practitioners of the tonal art. Mr. Petril]o's zeal has ocoas/onaliy embroiled him with stubborn people insensitive to his lofty esthetic purposes, but he always wins. Today: unless you happen to run into an impromptu barroom tenor, it is practically impossible to hear note of non-union music in public. It seemed that when Mr. Petrillo succeeded in getting an unpaid and unspommred symphony or- chestra of high school children put off the air, he had removed all dangerous competition. But there still remained one seriotm rHmlrF which now threatens a strike in two major networks. The new trouble hinges on this delicate point: Is the arduous feat of pl.ing music recordings on a turntable an engineering or musical operation? Mr. Prlllo contend that u long u there is music op the nrds, the handliz of them come within his union'a field. He got the networks to agree with him they long ago discovered that it's futile not to). They signed contracts to hire trained, sensitive. dU-lkng mmflcim for this delicate and taxing work at a mere 12 bucks a day. "I wish you'd p agreeing with me every time l make a suggestion, Henry---are you trying to avoid an argument?" Safety Any housewife who is listening can profit from the experience of Mrs. P. B. Cook, of portsmouth, Ohio. Mrs. Cook's narrow escape from serious injury won honorable mention in the National Safety Council's recent "Freak Squeak" And here's what happened:! * COok, like many another Ship Output Up 250 Pct. musewife, instead of truing a step- ladder, perched hers.elf with one foot on the kitchen table and one foot on the stove to wash a sec- tion of the wall She had completed the job and was getting down But she came down m aceidentally faster than she had anticipated, In 1943 our privately operated shipyards produced merchant ship- ping of approximately 19,000.000 deadweight tons, equal to one-fifth of total world shipping at the out- break of the war and about 2 times 1942 tonnage. landed sitting snugly in a dish. * of water. Only her dignity was Plywood Outdoes Steel tort' but Mrs Caok l.i%Leien hn i -- own words, a " p g Plywood stronger than steel is is a hazardous occupation unless claimed by one manufacturer, who impregnates 45 layers of wood per inch with a resinous chemical un- der pressure. The British buy the material for airplane propellers. Trade Rubber for Hats Black derbies are fulfilling a vi. tat war function in Panama where adequate equipment and safe methods are used" Sugar Cane Oil Process A U. S scientist claims that he has discovered a process for mak- ing coal and petroleum from plant& His process will makeabout 2500 bricating oils from I00 long tons of dry sugar cane. medium of exchange for rubber I among the Indians. .e A few weeks ago I spoke about a great stream of meteors which passed across Canada and then across part of the Atlantic ocean. They seem to have dropped into the ocean near Bermuda. That note has brought me an in- .' teresting letter from J E. Bayer. "I am a constant reader of you ] stories," he writes. "You told of a shower of meteors seen in Canada ; on Feb. 9, 1913. At that time my v job required me to get up at 4 a. m. I was walking away from .; the house when there was a great { flash of light . "I knew that the sky was clear, so the thought struck me that the house was on fire. Seeing no fire . there, I gazed over the sky and saw a long bright meteor trail. coming from the northeast and o. stopping at about 45 degrees up from the horizon in the southwest "There arose a great cloud of curled smoke or vapor, like tha :left glowing streaks behind them. It is possible that the light seen by Mr Bayer wa made by one 'oup of those meteors Usually people see only one meteor streaking across the sky at a certain time. When as many u 40 are seen together, it is SOme. thing to talk about! Probably they were parts of a small comet. Meteors strike the earth during daytime as well as at night We are more likely to see them at night when the sun does not flood the sky. If they appear during the twilight of morning or even person may see something of theh, brightness. Few persons have seen a meto strike the earth. Yet meteors have been seen many times as they passed within a distance of a few thousand feet. they are used to stimulate the rub. ] Vm=" " "- gallons of gasoline, 3000 gallons of middle oils and 1000 gallons of lu- bar drive, being the most popular i Back the Attack -- Buy Bom .,4